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, ' " : -/ " -- -," * - â-Â»- > ,/ '' , 'v. "/." **'' â¢ >.. "-" - '' - " - '- '
Clocks and Watches for Sale.
Call up Phone No. 12
'ir A-good shock of Horses and Rigs on,
- Hand. 5 Orders for Teaming
\ promptly attended to. -^
'.'WO.OD FOH SALE!
yvery, Feed k Sale Stables
-r Phone 12.
D. J. INNIS
.V. Tiromps x nroN'K suymouh jOn
MGK. WKSTKRK CANADA '
Camrhell Laird & Co
-* Steel Manufacturers ,
Offices and Warolioiise, 817-ftt Beatty Street
Vancouver, B. C.
~R. IP, BROWN
-British Columbia Land Surveyor
Tur..* No. 27
P. O. Dkawi-r 1K0
- B. C
P. W. GREGORY
CIVIIj ENGINEER and BRITISH
-COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR
Star Building - Princeton
; CLAYTON % tlfl-SKINS
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
- " -' MONEY TO-tOAN
DR. J. L. MASTERS
OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.
HEDLEY, British Columbia
K* - â * -* " â ."5
Ratesâ$1.50 a Day and Up
Bar "Stocked with Best Brairds
of Liquor and Cigars
A. WINKLER, Proprietor
All kinds of fresh and
cured meats always on
hand. Fresh Fish on
sale every Thursday.
R. J. EDMOND, Prop.
Mr. Carle had the first "too 11
peas of the season on Friday.
Mr. and Mrs. Splaun of Gho-
paka are visiting with -Mr. G. 8.
Mr. J. R. Brown of Summer-
land, Indian agent, was in town
Dr. Thomson, V. S., left on
Monday's train for the Boundary on business. ' ,''
-Miss Mabel-Manery of Si mi Ilea;
ineen spent tho weekend- here
with her sister. _ <
Mr. Bromley of the llichter
lower ranch was a visitor in
Proprietor town on Saturday, -
'Mrs. Powell of the' Horn Silver mine Siinilkameen, was in
town on Tuesday.
Mr. Chamberlain of Similkameen was a business visitor to
town ou Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. McLean of Summerland were" visitors in town
the first of tho'wook.
Mrs. Harold Quant and little
son were" passengers to Oro-
vilie on Monday's train.
A few Kcremeosites"attended,
the show in Hedley on Tuesday
night given by the Bostonians.
Miss Sewell of Similkameen
spent the week end visiting
with her sister, Mrs Love of
Mr. IT. Tidy left on .Tuesday
for New Westminster to bring
his family- here to spend the
Mr. and Mrs. Greer .of Penticton; accompanied by- friends,
passed tlir- Vl-ll^t'"-"*'",. r>n Sunday for Hedley.'. " -' "',*'
Mr. Verrall returned home on
Saturday from Similkameen
where "he had been doing some
work on the,road.
The Misses Eva and Kay Gibson wore visitors to Cawston on
Friday's train, returning by
auto in the evening.
Dr. Elliot of Hedley, accompanied by family and Mrs. G. P.
â¢Jones and B. W.JjKnowlos, were
in town last Thursday.
Mrs. Johnson and son of
Vancouver arrived here on
Friday to join her husband,
who is working for Mr. Tidy."
Mr. Win. Cameron had the
first .strawberries of the season
on _the -market last Tuesday.
They are now getting quite
Mrs. Tweddle and daughter
Betty went" to Oroville last
week where they met Miss
Plelen returning from school in
Portland. â â â¢
: Mrs. Carmiehael and daughter
left on Wednesday for the east
where she will spend the summer witli her sister, Mrs.. Moore
of CarTj'ery, Man.
Miss Freda Richter returned
last Monday from Victoria,
where she had been attending
normal school, and will spend
the holidays with her mother.
Mr. Oscar Lachmond, manager of the Canada. Copper Co.,
accompanied by Mr. Longworth,
Greenwood, was in town on
Tuesday on his way to Copper
Mrs. W, H
on Monday.night for
on June lGth and elected
cci's for the year as follows:
Yice-Presidont-E. M. Crooker.
Soe.-Treasu rerâ IT. Tidy.
DirectorsâG. P>. Clark, F. M.
Wright and D.J. Taylor.
The handling of the fruit for
the season was 'discussed, as
werealso the, railway question
and other matters. The meetings of the Institute will be
held on the Third, Saturday of
each montli at 4 p. m. in the
TOWN AND DISTRICT
Officer Sproule left yesterday
morning for a short vacation at
the coast. .
From tÂ»he Stag Heap.
Really Sir, Laurier. should receive two grades bf iron crosses.
The men. at.*the Princeton
coal .mine have gone back to
work,says the Star. -
â 'Vancouver citizens are learning to walk. The street cars
have stopped running owing to
a strike affecting^ the" Avholc
tramway system. '
T. T. Raukinoj principal of
of the Armstrong schools, was
killed at Vimy. \- Tie was formerly principal of the New
Denver public schools.
A million eggs a day is the
amount~ usually"V-msumed by
Great Britain in -normal times,
although the consumption at
the present . time - lias been
greatly diminished as many of
the sources of supply havo'beon
cut off on account of the war.
The next federal election will
be fought on racial lines. Over
five hundred Frenchmen mot in
Russell county, Ontario," and
nominated a French candidate.
The Liberal member now is
lion. ,CHarles Murphy, and
there is also a Conservative
candidate in thQ.":':\i\.
The truthful man is'not found
west of the" Missouri river." Me
runs -wild in the East, swaps
horses in the daytime and in
the evening tells the Almighty
how to run the universe.- When
he conies West he goes in for
politics and becomes acquainted
with railway magnates."
The only slaves are the industrious men who are prosperous and have been trained
by idlers dependent upon lliein.
Many a man docs more hard
work in a dav than hi*-: wife
or five children do in
iron cross, wl
being called there by wire on
account of the sudden illness of
hei* brother-in-law, Mr
GREAT NORTHERN HOTEL
Dor and Table the Best. Rates Moderate
Hirst Class Accommodation
JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor.
Mr. W. IT. Armstrong left on
Saturday for the coast, being
callptf there by the serious illness of his brother, Mr.. George
Armstrong, who was here last
week on a visit, leaving last
Wednesday for the coast. On
arriving there he was taken ill
and was taken to the hospital.
His friends here wish for his
The members of the Farmers'
Institute mot in the town hall
!iiul many a woman
does more hard work in a week
than, her loafer husband does
in a lifetime.
In the first year of the war
they were discussing the fighting qualities of the soldiers.
The discussion was in a blackf-
smith shop. There were in the
bunch a German, an American,
a Nova Scotian and some .Canadians. The German was doing
most''of the talking Avith the
American leading him. on. The
Nova Scotian was whistling the
"Cock o'tlie North." The'Geiman wasn't on to the tunc or
he would have left before he
sat down. As he crawled out
with an old. horseshoe sticking
to him, tho Nova Scotian said :
decorated with the
lativer, damn you!'"
The. .June issue of Kod and
Gnu is out and its contents are
such as to a.ppcal to lovers of
out of doors. â 'Learning the
Way/' by Edward T. Martin, is
descriptive of the various stages
involved in becoming a skilled
shooter. "The Record of a
Cruise on the Kawartha Lakes"
tells of aâ¢â motor boat outing in
this attractive part of Ontario,
while the "Diary of a Canoe
Trip in Algonquin Park", â¢â describes .a successful fishing trip,
in the Park. * Other stoi ies are
of similar interest and all the
regular departments are well
maintained. Dog'lovers will
find a full report of the recent
big dog show held hi Montreal
with a list of all the awards
given at the show and accompanying descriptive matter.
Rod and Gun in Canada is published at Woodstock. Out., by
W. J. Taylor, Ltd.
Ray C. French of Vernon,
representing Pat Burns, was in
, Father. John will celebrate
mass in the Star theatre Sunday morning at S.30/
Mrs. J. IT. Wilcox of Greenwood is the guest of Mr. and
Mrs. T. Wi I ley a f If ed I ey.
R. P. Brown, P. L. S... Penticton, was surveying some claims
on Nickel Plate hill last week.
Mrs Geo. N. Garfrell of Summerland is a visitor in town,
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. G. E.
Last week Robert Boyd had
one of his lingers badly crushed
while doing repair, work on the
battery at the mill.
At Princeton. Stampede. Dominion Day. Horse-racing, athletic sports, baseball tournament, rough-rid ing, etc. -
Miss Mar jorie Smith returned
Monday last from Vancouver,
where she had been studying
music for the past year. In the
examinations she took L. A. B,
in piano music and honors on
the pipe organ.
.This week Tom Wilson ran"
into high grade ore in the shaft
of his claim on Nickel Plate hill.
John Lodge called there on his
way down, and about two feet
of rich ore had been uncovered
hy the Last shot.
A letter from Nick Pickard to
a friend in town says: "T never
suffered so much in myTif'e with
cold and wet as I did during the
winter in .France. I was first
sent to the Somme. It was there
I first.saw and heard the German shells. Wc were lucky:
only had a few wounded and
none killed. Wo went, from
there to Arras in time for the
big drive. You have seen in
â¢he papers in regard to Arras
and^Vimy Ridge where the Canadians did so well. I tell you
they are the heroes of the British army. Hindenbu rg said
that-partof the lino could not
be moved. Well, it jmoved"!
The shell (ire was awful. The
German trenches were leveled
and every foot of ground turned
over. Shell hole's from 2 to 10
feet deep and 20 and oO feet
across. The Germans were well
fixed in the trenches. I was in
There^ was another mining
expert fh",town last week. He
examined * the hills carefully
and dispa'sionately,, partook of
an ice cream cone and was
swallowed up by the thitherward. Wherther he was possessed of wanderlust or mining
knowledge, ginger heels or an
M. E. degree, wasn't hurled at
The Gazette. He had the red
boots and haughty air of the
successful undergraduate, in
mining science. When the young
M. E. starts to conquer the
bowels of the earth with a
geological treatise under his â
arm and-red shoes -on his feet,
the Cousin -Tack, the Welshman,
the Clectermoor and the rSwede
do not loom large on his horizon, but after" a time he finds
that the practical miner and the
geologist in combination ' are
wonderful dividend producers,
and the more they combine the
more satisfactory the results.
Years ago we heard a mining
engineer in anjiddross before
the Western Branch say he did
not allow familiarity from the
men. "Although a clever man
in his profession, he has not yet
made a success of ajnine. This
may have been largely due to "
the property, but the man whose
ancestors for.hundreds of years
had been miners has a knowledge-that cannot be obtained
in colleges or- books. Often his
opinion may mean suceess or .
failure. The real miner will go â
on and win when the geologist's
calculations are at fault, and he
is ready to quit.
Nicw Yoiik, June 13.âA quar- .
terly dividend of three per cent
and an additional dividend of 2
per cent has this day been declared on the .outstanding capital sfbek ~of- the - Hedley Gold
Mining Company, payable Saturday, June 30th, to stockholders of record at 12 o'clock noon,
Saturday, June 23rd.
Transfer books will not be
closed. John D. Clarke,
one dug-out that would hold two
battalions. It wtis about forty
feet deep. I sometimes dream
that I am back in the dear old
home laud. Remember me to
all my friends."
The Bostonians played to a
crowded house Tuesday night.
The admission price was the
only high class part of the per-
.forniance. Some of the performers were fairly expert in
flipping their ventral fins, but
neither the fins nor the flips
were anything to go dopy over.
Iir-fact, the local .display, in so
far as skirl limitations will allow, would be more satisfying
to the young 'â .man artistically
inclined. "The Rose of Honolulu".is'without plot or design,
just vaudeville, containing
some fairly good kicks and
jokes, songs without articulu--
lation, and really no music.
There was applause when the
articulation was distinct enough
for the audience to catch the
joke. The performers are nearly
all in a transition stage between'
English and an English accent,
The government of British
Columbia is evidently awash in
the seas of inexperience, rudderless and ballastless, wallowing around in the trough in the
hope that something may turn
up to save the barque from disaster's rocks. The minister of
mines' bill to establish government smelters, concentrators
and sampling works, is so utterly Utopian, so foolishly conceived and so wasteful- of extravagant speech, as to be*noth-
ing short of ludicrous.âNorthwest Mining Truth, Spokane.
Still, we in British Columbia
have'hopes that the government will eventually control
the ore-reducing plants of the
province, even if a few thousand
dollars are squandered in experiments. The minister of
mines, it* is hoped, will have
a better idea of the requirements of the mining industry
after he has visited the camps
of the province.
If the cause for AvhicTi we
fight is what we believe it to
be: if the. issues involved are
those which 1
men and in
Canada: I bel
but which way (hey are heading it is impossible to surmise.
The company, although not a
top-notch vaudeville aggregation, gave the people here an
enjoyable evening and will no
doupt have a bumper audience
when they again appear in (lie
opera house, and will then have
got over mushiiij
and reached one goal or the
otherâEnglish or tThe accent,
lave been repeat-
by all our public
all the press of
icve the time has
the authority of
"the state should be invoked to
provide the reinforcements necessary to sustain the gallant
men at the front who have held
the lines for months, and who
have proved themselves more
than a match for the best
troops that the enemy could
send against them, and who aro
fighting in France and Belgium,
that Canada may live in the
future.âSir Robert Borden.
- An honest energetic man can
obtain constant employment
with us, full or spare tinu, by
representing us locally or traveling. . Apply immediately B. C.
Nurseries Co., Ltd., 1403, 7th
Ave. W., Vancouver B. C. 21-4.
irJii-Mlii'-'-i I ' I>â¢"' r .
â - r; r- Z- '
â¢THE GAZETTE. HEDLEY, B. C.
ij. yeast in
llGiliiJT COMPANY LIMITED
Their Intimate Concern
Been Successful in Making
Enemies in All Nations
What is the next triumph reserv-
*d for German diplomacy? What
â¢field is there left for the exercise'of
tlie Wrlhemstrasse's great gifts of
finesse? It has now been crowned
with repeated successes until there is
no quarter of the world in which
Germany is -not confronted with a
drawn sword. To date German diplomacy has arrayed' eleven countries
against.'Germany,-a' record, it is believed/that has never been surpassed by the diplomats of any nation.
/ After the tussle the United States
gave them probably they are equal,
too, to any job that remains before
them. They haven't much room left
to work in, only South America and
China, and they already have induc-
-c'd China to breaky oft" relations
South America, by reason of its isolation, may be a harder job, but the
German diplomats doubtless/ are
working on it. If they are ,baffled
there and the South. American countries succeed in remaining friendly
to Germany, or even in a state of
hostile neutrality toward her, it will
be the first real setback German
diplomacy has encountered in a triumphant course now extending near-
8y three years.âKansas City Star
The World Is One and Its Best Interests the Concern of All
Thus questions of foreign policy
which have been s hitherto utterly
outside the ken of the Dominion peoples arc now their intimate concern.
The great .European problems which
fail to be settled.by the verdict of
warâthe future integrity of Belgium,
the fate of Poland, the settlement pi
the Balkans/' and numberless others
equally difficult, and 'importantâare
henceforth problems for Canada and
New Zealand and the other Dominions as well as for Great Britain.
The fancied remoteness of the Dominions from these old drlcnias of
European diplomacy is at an end.
The war lias shown it to be a delusion of peace without real security.
The world is one, and no part of. it
can disclaim concern with any other
part. The war cabinet is at once the
result of this truth and its revelation to the peoples of the (Empirc,â
Would Help Some
When Great Britain fixes prices
for food it is a fixed price. Tire controller of food fixed (he price of potatoes at three cents a pound. Certain tradesmen charged four cents a
pound for potatoes and were promptly fined $5 each. A little of this sort
of law would be popular in ^Canada
To Tell Reason Â¥/hy
For Sale by all Dealer*
Douglas & Company, Napanee, Ont
In IE. S
Or DUtemper In stallions, brood mares, colts and all othcra It
most destructive. The germ caualnjr the disease must be remorÂ»
ed Irom the body ol the animal. To prevent tUe trouble the sam*,
must be done. / "
Will do bothâeuro the sick and prevent tlioÂ»e "exposed" from-
bavin; the disease. All drug-gists.
BPOHN MEDICAL CO, Chemists,y C?slie>*a Indâ U, "Â§T A,,
John Bull in Shape
SHE IS RECOMMENDING
DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS
Britons Study Languages
War Has Pointed the Wisdom of
Knowing Foreign Tongues
When King George opened a
â¢achool for the study of Oriental languages he placed official stamp of
approval on the revival of a movement that since the war has been
gaining rapid headway in this country-âthe study of foreign languages.
The school opened by the King is
the first of its kind in the British
Empire, which counts 320 million
citizens speaking Oriental languages.
One of the lessons taught this
country by the war has been the need
Miss E. Demers States They Cured
Pier of Sick Headache: and Rheumatism From Which She Suffered
for Six Month3
Hull, Que-, (Special)âCured of
chronic indigestion, sick headache
and rheumatism, from which she had
suffered for six months, Missj E. De-
mers, of 190 Maisormcuve St., here,
gives all the credit for her cure to
Dodd's Kidney Pills, She is recommending them to all her friends who
suffer from kidney troubles of any
kind. .'â -
"I am always ready to tell what
Dodd's Kidney Pills did for mc," says
Miss Demers. "I am never without
them in the house. My case was.one
of the worst.
,. "I had tried several medicines from
the doctor and was getting no better
when" I decided to try Dodd's Kidney
Pills. I took seven boxes and all my
rheumatism, sick headache and indigestion was gone.
... "When my father saw how much
good Dodd's Kidney Pills had done
mc he began to take them for kidney'trouble. He is better nowvâ
Dodd's Kidney Pills make healthy
kidneys. Healthy kidneys strain all
the impurities, all the poison, out^pf
the blood. They are the greatest of
La Follette Folly
Representative .La Follette,'' of
Wisconsin, has proposed, that Great
Britain sell Canada to the . United
States for $1,0,000,000,000. . If the
Katzenjamnier! Kids arc. interned for
the duration of the war the La Foi
lctte comedians: can acceptably take
their place.-âToronto Mail and Em
pireV. â â "â â ''.'.'/ â¢..
No man or-vwoman should hobble
painfully about because of corns
when so certain a relief is at hand as
Holloway's Corn Cure.
Battle qf, the Peoples,
This war is neither a Mary Pickr
ford "movie" nor a Harold- Bell
Wright novel. It is a battle of the
peoples against an unscrupulous and
brutal Machiavellianism,, it is a test
of the brain power â : of freemen .-
New York Tribune, y
Since August, 1914, England
been grimly , marching through
ruins of her former self to a
England. She has been learning day
by day lessons branded in letters of
blood and fire. She was a grant fat
with peace. -Now she is a giant
stripped, clean muscled, with her
navy a-shining, impenetrable shield,
her army a sword keen as death, her
economic organs healthy, rcinvigorat-
ca, her heart beating strong with national pride and purpose.
This is one of the miracles of this
epic time. Arc we going to ignore it?
Must we pass through the same darkness arrd agony to learn the same lesson?âChicago Tribune.
has Important work to do. Under favorable conditions it does
it well. If sluggish, relieve it with
Largest Sale of Any Medicine in the WoxljL
Sold everywhere. In boxes, 25c.
IN THE SPRING
Harry Lauder's voice is clearly
one of the assets of the Empire. He
has just invested another $40,000 in
War Loan, bringing his total holding up to $295,000. -
We offer One Hundred Dollars Rewire'
for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured
by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
Hall's Catarrh Cure has been taken by
catarrh sufferers for the' past thirty-five
years, nnd has become known as the most
reliable remedy for Catarrh.
s . . \ , , * . . . â¢curtL/.u jc:ucuj. iyi vtitioim. Hall's Catarrh
for a Wider knowledge of foreign Cure acts through the Blood on the Mucous
languages. The British people have'
learned through the war that tlie average German knew more languages
than the average Briton.
"The trouble with my boy Josh is
that he's always ahead of the times,"
remarked Farmer Corntosscl." What
has he done?" "Went to town to
gee about a position. He found, a
Btrrke in progress, and joined the
Strike before Ire got the job."'
surfaces, expelling; the Poison from the Blood
and healing the diseased portions.
After you have taken Hall's Catarrh Cure
for a short time you will see a great improvement in your general health. Start taking
Hall's Catarrh Cure at once and get rid of
catarrh. Send for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c
"This dog took first prize at
"Well, he took the cat."
Ask for Minard's and take no other
Bible Readers and the War
Progress of Eastern Campaign
Great Interest to Students of
The war development in western
Asia wril revive knowledge ., of
places that figured in sonic of the
earliest historj- of the world. Airmen have been dropping bombs on
/Bcershcba, where Abraham ranked
himself among the foresters by planting a tree, and whose people were
later denounced by the prophet Amos. Near by is
Hebron, where also, Abraham
was sojourner, as u*as Isaac,
son, and Jacob who gave his
Cured by Toning the Blood and
Strengthening the Nerves
It 13 the opinion of the best medical' authorities, after long observation, 'that nervous diseases are more
common and more serious in -the
spring than.-at airy other time of the
year. Vital changes in the system,
after long winter months, may cause
much more trouble than the familiar
spring weakness and weariness from
winch most people suffer as the . result of indoor .life, in poorly ventilated and often overheated building i.
Official records prove that in April
and May neuralgia, St. Vitus dance,
epilepsy and other forms of.ncrv'c
troubles are at their worst, and that
then, more than any other time, a
blood-making*, nerve-restoring tonic
The antiquated custom 'of taking
purgatives in the spring i is useless,
for the system really'needs strengthening, while purgatives only gallop
through the bowels, leaving' you
weaker. Dr. Williams' Pink * Pills
arc the best medicine, for they actually make the new, rich, red blood
that feeds the starved nerves, aiid
â thus cure the many forms of nervous
disorders*.-They cure also such other
forms of spring troubles" as headaches, poor appetite, weakness in the
limbs, as well as remove unsightly
pimples and eruptions./in fact they
unfailingly bring new-'health and
strength to weak, tired and depressed
men, women and children.
Sold by all medicine dealers or by
mail a.t 50 cents a box or six boxes
for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams'
Medicine Co-, Brockvillc, Ont.
Locomotive Hauls Church
Among the many unusual methods
-employed to move buildings, few
have been so novel as that used in
South Bend, Ind-, to transport an old
church to a new site where it was to
be- fcniodellcd into a theatre.
The structure, after being properly
blocked up, was moved over a railway track and coupled to a freight
engine. Then the locomotive slowly
drew the bulky load a distance of 5
blocks, to a point not far from the
new location. â¢
They Cleanse While They Cure.â
The vegetable compounds of which
Parmclee's Vegetable Pills arc composed, mainly dandelion and mandrake, clear the stomach and intestines of deleterious matter and restore the deranged organs to healthful action. Hence they are the best
remedy for indigestion available today. A trial of them will establish
the truth of this assertion and do
more to convince the ailing than anything that can be written of these
British Columbia Fruit Industry
_ The fruit industry in British Columbia has within the last two year-*
shown great progress, with the re
suit that the province now supplies
60 per cent, of the fruit' consumed in
the prairie provinces of the Dominion and looks forward to supplying it
all. This is the statement of W. J.
McDowall, manager of the Okanagan United Growers of Vernon, B
Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.
Dear Sirsâ\Tour MINARD'S LIN
IMENT is our remedy _ for sore
tly*oat, colds and all ordinary ailments.
It never fails lo relieve and cure
For the Price oL One I
.Both sides of EDDY'S
* Twin Beaver Washboardo
â¢ can be usedâgiving doublo
service for the price of ona.
Made of INDURATED
FIBREWARE (which is
really pulp hardened and
baked by a special process)
it cannot splinter or fall
apart. Won't hurt your fingers or v tear you clothes.
Double value for your moneyâalmost life * lasting.
Don't do another washing
until you get one.
ASK YOUR DEALER.
The E. B. Eddy Company
HULL - - CANADA
name to a people. To the westward
is Gaza a great city of 'the Philistines, which sold Hebrew slaves to
Edom, and for a time held Samson
as a prisoner, till, lifting the gates of
the place from their fastenings, he
went off with them, casting them on
the Mount Muntar, before Hebron.
The further progress of tlie campaign
will be interesting to, Bible as well
as newspaper readers.
Use the Soil
It is just as important under present conditions lo have reserves of
food as reserves of cartridges- When
so much is dependent upon a good
crop, the entire community, should
concern itself about, the situation
from the beginning of the season.
There are certain common vegetables
comprising a large part of the food
supply, such as potatoes, beans, onions, etc., which do well in all parts
of the country. They can be grown
in a small way without machinery,
and their production this year in ample quantities should he. assured beyond chance or doubt.
PhysicianâDid your husband follow my directions, taking his medicine religiously? .
WifeâI fear not,- doctor. _ He
swore every time I gave him a
Spend Vacations on Farm"
City Men Will Use Spare Time to
Help The Farmers
Favoring the plan of the Ontario
government for increased production of foodstuffs by encouraging
city men to assist farmers, more than
one hundred rnenrbers of tire Windsor Chamber of Commerce will give
one week of their vacation this year
to farm work without cost to the
farmers. This decision has been made
as a result of a meeting held in Windsor recently, when W.R. Knowles,
of the Ontario government agricultural department, made a plea for cooperation among farmers and men of
the urban sections with a view lo increasing crops and staple foodstuffs.
It is planned to enlist the
high school boys, retired farmers and others who have
had experience in farm work. The
officers of the Chamber of Commerce
there are confident that at least 1,-
000 men of Windsor and adjoining
towns will interest themselves in the
WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS
Do away with till Laundry Bills. When they
become soiled just wash them villi soap nnd
water. No ironingf necessary. Suitable- for
those of the most fastidious taste aa theylook a*)
good as linen. Ask your dealer for them.
ARLINGTON CO. OF CANADA, Limited
Fraser Avenue, Toronto
TH* NEW FRENCH REMEDV. Ntl.H.S.RA
reat success, cures chronic weakness, lost viooa
VIM KIDNEY BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD fOISOH.
flLES HITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI POST 4 CTI
FOUGEItACO W BEEKMAN ST. NEW VURK OrtVMAS BBOf
TORONTO WRITS FOR FREE BOOK TO Dr Lit CLIBO
SdEo co haverstocxrd. Hamtstead London SMav
TRV.NEWORACEE(TASTELESS)FOKUOF [ricV TO TAKS
Ml THAT TRADE HARKED WOKD * THERAriOH* IS OH
tUX. GOVT. STAMr A/flXSD TO ALL SENIUM* PACMTS,
BOOK ON i
And How to Feed
Mailed Xreo to any address by
H. CLAY GLOVERCO., Inct
118 West 31st Street, New York
COOK'S COTION ROOT COMPOUND
A safe, reliable regulating medlt
cine. Sold in three degrees ol
strength. No. 1. Jl; No. 2, %i\
No. 3, SS per box. Sold by all
(lriiireisU, or sent pre:Â»ald In
plnin packnee on receipt oj
price. Free pamphlet. Address
THU COOK MKDICXNB CO,
Toronto, OnL IFermeriu Wtttimrj
t'rienaâwhether in training, or already at tho front-âneeds iiain-Buk.
It cannot be equalled for the many
email Injuries and ailments incidental to a soldier's life.
Sergt. I'. Bremner of the 8th
Canadian Mounted hifies, writes:
"For healing- cuts, sores, blisters,
etc., Zam-Buk cannot be beaterr." .
Corp. Fremlln of the 10th Field
Ambulance, writing from France,
saya: "We And Zam-Buk -splendid
for injuries aiid allmonts, but we
haven't -enough of It."
Every soldier should carry a box
of Zam-Buk, as nothing: ends paiiji
and stops bleeding so quickly; Jt
also prevents blood-poisoning. 50o,
all druggists, or Zftm-Buk Co.,
Dust Causes AsthmaâEven a little
speck too small to sec will lead to
agonies Avhich no words carr describe-
Tire walls, of the breathing tubes
contract and it seems as if the very
life must pass. Frorrr this condition
Dr. J.D. Kcllogg's Asthma .Remedy
brings the user to perfect rest and
health. It relieves the passages and
normal breathing" is firmly established again. Hundreds of testimonials
received annually prove its effectiveness.
Advertisers Are Not Pirates
Here: is a-niit for every household
cr to crack: The price of commodi
tics which arc advertised for sale has
risen much less than the price of
things never advertised. If yon
haven't a hammer handy I'll crack-
that nut for you. When any concern
has spent thousands for advertising
it cannot afford to throw away business iu a species of piratical charges.
Not so with the vendor of a head of
cabbage or a bag of potatoes. He is
restrained by .nothing except "the consents of your pocket.âPhiladelphia
"Papa, when you arc a diplomat
you try to make the other fellow believe everything you say, doir't you?"
"Not exactly, my son. You try to
make him believe just the opposite
of what he thinks you really intend
to say, and even then you are lying
Ef LOSSES SURELY PJOTTE0
S\ by CUTTER'S BLACKLEG FILLS
la A !.ow-prlcc<l,
western stockmen, because thÂ«j
proloot where ether
-3 vaccines fall.
fir Write for booklet and testimonial'. -
10:dosÂ»pKe. Blackleg Pills, $1.00
50-rioSB pkc Blacking Pills, $4.00
Use any Injector, but Cutter's simplest and strongest.
Tlie superiority of Cutter products is clue to over IS
years of spcclall-'ln; In vaccihhs and stoums
ONLY. INSIST.ONCUTTEII'S. If ullobtalnaMaa,
order direct. . #
Tl)Â» Cutter Laboratory, Berkeley. California
Officer (to private)âWhat the devil are you doing down that slicll-
hole? Didn't you hear mc say wc
were out agairrst four to one?
Gcordic (a trade unionist)âAy.
Aa heard you; but aa'vc killed ma
"Going to .plant potatoes in your
garden this year?" "I thought I
would, but- when I looked up tha
way to do it I found that potatoes
have to be planted in hills, and our
yard i3 perfectly flat."âBaltirnora.
a ' ' . â
Afit,*. 6hÂ«% "'"""""""iiiiniiiiiMiiiiiiiimiiiiMiH
â¢HiSOr me Tvvo Eyes for a lifetime Â§
= RtlrttirinC Afurln'olsforTlrodlSyos. Bed. 2
= I7IUVIQ9 Kyon-Soro HyesâGranulated 3
- i ii i ii i i Â«i Hyollrts. RestsâBofrcBhoaâ 9
= Restores. Hurl no la a Favorite Treatment tg
**: fur Hires that fool dry and smart. GlrÂ«yonr 3
= Myes as much of your loving care aa your 3
- Teeth anfi with thesamo regularity. q
2 CARE FOR THEM. YOU CANNOT 8Uf NEW ETUI, 9
= Sold at Drug and OpUcal Stores or by MÂ«,IL g
S Atk Murine Ere RÂ»medÂ» Co,, Chicago, for Frio Book |
>iÂ»*Mto*4&ZiVim*i I *>*Â«****trt*Wt>W*WÂ»*)*^^ 'I â "Â»â >*>W''->l*W\''H>n*!**'
TEE GAZETTE. HEDLEY. B- -0.
FOR IN HIS HANDS RESTS THE GREAT DECISION
The Cause of the Allies Depends to a Very Large Extent on the
Production of Abundant^Grops, and Every Effort Should Be
Put Forth to Meet the Situation to the Fullest Extent s
All roads lead to the farm. With
out the active co-operation of the
farmer the wheels of industry that
drive the. chariots of war would' be
01-1 tlie scrap-heap and the heel of the
Prussian 'invader on the neck of liberty-loving mankind. City folk; who
in normal times get at least' three
meals' a day, rarely slop lo think- of
. the' part the farm plays in ministering tp- their wants and their comfort.; Rarely do bankers or men of
affairs give serious thought lo the
. farmer apart from the contribution
. he .annually makes to the visible
>â¢ wealth of the community. Middlemen take a keener interest in the
â food producer, but it is the interest
of men who hope, to reap where
, others "-have sown. There" arc limes
when, the thoughts of the non-agricultural classes turn to the farm.
When crops fail and prices of food-
, stuffs soar, the people of the towns
â and cities are v,disposcd to attribute
the fault to the farmer. Little effort
is made to' co-ordinate town and
country, to bring producer and consumer into touch, and to obliterate
the lines of cleavage that too often
keep them apart. The "average
townsman is'ignorant of the economics of farming; He canot understand
why the farmer should not always be.
willing^ to raise an abundance of
crops at low prices'. Problems of
labor, transportation, _ marketing facilities, arid market prices, over which
' the farmer has no control, do'not en-
â¢ ter into his calculations. He Has a
vague idea that Agricultural Departments take-good care of the farmer,
and" see to it that the road between
the farm and the -town is paved not
only with good -intentions, but also
v/ith legislative enactments that make
"It attractive for the farmer to farm
not for a living only, but for a
. War has restored the city man's
perspective. He now knows that he.
and the .farmer have much in common. Pie sees that both have been
exploited by interested middlemen;
that neither, the farmer nor the consumer has Had a square deal in the
past. Any scheme of reconstruction
that does not free the farmer from
the harassingrestrictions now imposed upon his industry, by lack of facilities- for marketing his products lo
advantage, will be strenuously opposed by the consumer in the city
as well; as by the tiller of the soil.
They railways-, were made for Canada, not Canada for the railways. The
same sound-ethical principle applies
to all the artificial barriers between
the farm and'the town. It is a disgraceful thing'that, at the very mo-
men when the thoughts of patriotic
â¢rheri are turned to ' the problem of
increased food production, men are
gambling-on the Winnipeg market-in
October wheat before the seed has
been put in'the ground. The famine
stares the world; in thejace- unless
food production, is greatly increased
this year, is the 'deliberate conclu-|
aibn of competent authorities who
cannot be regarded as' mere alarin-
â¢ ists. The American continent, which
is free from tlie .darker';tragedies'-of
war, has a great duty to'fulfill in the
production of surplus crops su'Trcient
to meet the craving necessities of
countries more unfavorably circumstanced."- Under the most favorable
harvesting conditions the' situation
next year will be very grave. The
abnormal influences of war In the
reduction of crop acreage must be
counterbalanced- by - a concentrated
effort on this side of the Atlantic to
avert the appalling suffering and pri-^
vation that threaten the Allied countries through^hc shortage in* foodstuffs. Steps must be taken, . and
quickly, not only to increase the
acreage under crops, but also to provide for the proper marketing- and
distribution of the crops when harvested. Waste must be eliminated
and prices so regulated that the poor
as well as'the rich shall have a fair
share of the fruits of the land.
The appeal today is to the farmer.
In his hands rests the great decision.
It is with no desire to force his hand
or to limit his freedom of action that
the towns and cities arc combining
to co-operate- as far as possible- in
restoring the balance of labor. The
towns "and cities have discovered
when loo late how much the cause
of. the Allies in this war depends on
the farmer. It is in his power to
(strike a staggering blow for. liberty.
He has sent his sons to Ib-c fighting
front; he has giveir Vis money to the
cause" in various ways; he has seen
his hired help recruited for the army
and has not complained. Now, * at
the eleventh hour, he is\iskcd lo do
the impossibleâto produce more
crops. But with him, as with the
lads at the front, the impossible is
the way of duty, of patriotism, of
.sacrifice. Because the task seems Inl
and who turned the barren wilderness into a fruitful, garden.âToronto Globe.
Victory Over Wounds
The Disabled Soldiers' Resurrection
to, a New Life of Activity
Canada should be as proud of her
wounded soldiers' victory over ,thcir
wounds as she is of- the glorious
fights in whicii-they fell. Their struggle up from the depths of disablement-1 is often as hard, and even' as"]
heroic, as their desperate-defence of
Yprcs or their dashing capture of the
A preacher on Easter morning was
thanked forâthe inspiring sermon he
had just preached,, on the resurrection. He said: "I had my text sitting
in front of rrieâa man in khaki, with
an empty sleeve. Pie "has had two
resurrections already. He was buried
by a shell explosion, and was dug
out only'just in time to save his life-
That was the first. He spent-months
in hospital, fighting his way back to
health. That was the second.
"Doctoring and nursing of course
did much for him; so did the exercises and occupations thaL they provide " nowadaysâperhaps the best
part of the treatment. But the man
himself was working out his own resurrection, by resolutely putting his
own will-power into the task. Now
he is almost ready to go out into the
world, a better and abler man, he|
The Farmer and
- The Hired Man
A Good Suggestion For Both Parties
Many a western farmer has clamored for hired help, and when he has
got, it, it has ruined him. Labor
has always been scarce in Western
Canada jivilh thoresult that it has
often been able lo demand wages out
of all proportion to its value on the
land. It,is scarcer today than ever it
has been in the-history of the country, and the question arises: '-^What
is going to be. done to put a reasonable limit on the wages of the hired
Ii he is allowed to put up his services to auction, and close with the
highest bidder, a new rate of pay
will be established that will not readily be relinquished, even when prices
of grain and cattle have dropped to
a normal figure. A dangerous precedent is liable to be set that will spell
the ruin of many of our farmers in
the years to conic.
There is. the obvious solution that
farmcr.s throughout Western Canada
should get together and fix a standard wage, for skilled'and unskilled
labor respectively, the figures lo be
based on the season of the year. But
this would need a basis of co-opcra
tion that docs not' exist among our
farmers, unhappily, or many evils
they are subject to would speedily be
â¢ Let us. look at the question from
the hired man's point of view. Per
haps in so doing we' may find' the
answer, remembering that today's
hired man is tomorrow's hired man's
In the'majority of cases, the farm
laborer is not in Western Canada
merely for a wage. He has his own
ambitions, fortunately for the country, which probably centre on a
homestead which he means to take up
one day, when he has capital enough.
Pie hires himself but meantime,
partly to acquire that necessary capital, partly to gain the no less necessary experience of western farming
COMPENSATION FOR ALL WANTON DESTRUCTION
Cool-Headed Justice May Not Gail for Reprisals in Kind, but
Will Certainly Impose Payment for Damage Inflicted, Which
Will Mean Indemnities Running Over Years
o ' '
Forest and Prairie Fires
'says, than he was before, in spile of j Condit7o7isTwh~errthe que"siiori"oTVdl
his lost arm.
"While the rest of us arc thinking
of a resurrection beyond the grave,
he' has won a resurrection this side
of it,' to a new life of activity and
independence, among his fcllpw-coun-
Authentic cases resembling thai
arc not rare in tlie-records of the
Military "Hospitals Commission. Here
arc a, few that have just been communicated to, us:
A mechanic who enlisted in the
Princess Patricia's., 'Regiment was
wounded, returned to Canada, spent
three months in a convalescent hospital, and now earns double his former pair, having taken full advantage
of the mechanical-drawing and arithmetic classes carriecLon there. Writing to the hospital instructor, he
"When I enlisted, I was earning
about $3 a day at my trade. At present, and since my discharge from
military service, I am, technically, a
better man all around; I am able
Â»ow to hold a job as foreman in a
machine shop, with' more than twice
Ihe salary I was getting before. .This
benefit to me is greatly due to your
practical information, and my only,
regret is-that. 1 was unable, after my
discharge, to continue instruction
with you as you had advised."
Not every man, ' of course, can
"double his. pay." But one of the
most cheering facts proved by experience during the war has been
thisâthat almost all the." disabled.
men, including the very seriously
wounded, can be equipped'once more
with power to earn a good living.
And often, as Lord Shaughncssy
said the other day, the occupations
anil training provided by the Military
Plospitals system "reveal astonishing-
talents which even the man himself
did not know he possessed."
A Long Way From '76
Anglo-Saxon Race Finding Common
Ground on the Defence * '
British-Americans have nursed ever since. '76 the firm belief that tlie
American Revolution was in its basic
principles a just revolution. They
have been proud to remember that in
that great struggle George Washing-'
toir, an 'Englishman, led a nation of
Anglo-Saxons into batllc against the
tyranny of a German king of England. Out of this feeling there has
grown throughout the country a firm-
| founded belief that ultimately . the
! destinies of the two great Anglo-
j Saxon races would again unite at
j sonre future day iri the defence of
i sonic common caiisc. An American-
British alliance is one of the foremost hopes of such prominent British-Americans'as ViscoUnt Brycc.
We arc a long way from '76, jI when a
British officer organizes in tire United States a regiment of British-born
to fight for the defence of Old Glory.1
Evidently the Anglo-Saxon race has
found once more a common ground
in the defence of liberty.-â-Baltimore
wages arises^ he naturally stands out
for every cent he thinks he can de:
tnand. Ahead of him are'months of
rather irksome, and unquestionably
hard work the fruits of which, as he
sees it, can only be reckoned in dollars that will bring him nearer to his
This self-centered attitude is equally shared by the farmer, who sees in
the hired man a necessary piece of
human machinery, to whom'so many
dollars a .month must be paid to
crank it up for work.
Now surely these relations between
the farmer and the hired man in" a
country like Western Canada are absolutely wrong. Except in the case
of large farms, employing a number
of hands, and with the result of the
year's work practically guaranteed,
the present system of wages gives
rise, to conditions, diametrically opposed to the best interests of both
farmer and hired man.
. Iri seventy-five cases out of a hundred, better -and more profitable relations -might "be established between
the two, on the following basis
Let the farmer pay the hired man
a minimum salary of say $30 a month
and a bonus on the crop. Instead of
treating the hired man'as a necessary
evil, and as a kind of living mortga^.
on the harvesting* of his wheat, put
him on a partnership basis, and give
him a quarter, a fifth, or a sixth
share .in the farm, the extent of the
interest to be determined by the size
of the crop, the length of his services on the land, and his degree of
capacity and experience. Ah agreement should be drawn up by a local
solicitor, so that tire hired iri an will
know that his interests are properly
protected, and that he is actually part
owner in the forthcoming harvest,
and can collect his share thereof, as
soon as it is threshed.
Such an understanding should redound, to the benefit of both parties.
It would give the hired man a. much
more enviable position, ten times the
interest in his work, and the opportunity to make a substantial slake,
considerably in excess of accumulated wages, by his own labor and initiative. It would give the farmer a
comrade as anxious as himself to
harvest his crops on the most profi'-
ablc basis, and it would ensure that
the land itself paid the man's wage,
according to the yield, which would
seem the right and proper basis of
Saskatchewan Takes Action to Overcome These Scourges
The possibility of preventing darn-
age by forest and prairie" fires in-Saskatchewan will be greatly facilitated
by a new law which has recently
been enacted by the Saskatchewan
legislature. This law prohibits the
setting out.of fires except when certain specified precautions are taken,
and provides for the appointment of
the reeve as chief fire guardian in
each rural municipality. All members
of the .provincial police shall be~fife
guardians, ex officio, under the new
Provision is. made also for the appointment-of fire guardians in unorganized areas. It is lo be anticipated
that the latter provision will pave
the way for co-operation with the
Dominion Forestry Branch, for the
better"protection of areas immediately adjacent to forest reserves. The
new law includes a provision for the
permit system of regulating settlers
slash-burning operations in forest
sections. The enforcement of this
provision, through co-operation with
the' Dominion Forestry Branch, in
the neighborhood of forest reserves,!
will greatly reduce the' danger of'
damage to the forest reserves
through fires coming in" from the
outside. Such'fires have been'a-fruitful source of damage in the past.
Reports on all (ires are to be made
to the Provincial Fire Commissioner,
who will be in general charge of the
administration of the law.
,,-Tlre act prohibits the throwing
a\vay of matches, cigars and cigarette stubs, etc., without extinguishing same. It provides also that citizens may be required to light fires
which occur within IS miles in wooded districts, and 6 miles irr prairie
Fire guardians arc given authority
to "make arrests for-.-violii.lion of the
Provision-is made also for* the safe
disposal of debris resulting-'..from the
construction of roads, I rails, telegraph or telephone lines, and railways, or from the clearing of land
for other purposes.
The new acL is thoroughly progressive and its enforcement'will'unquestionably go far toward reducing the
forest and prairie fire losses in Saskatchewan.âC.L.
Great Mineral Wealth
In France JofiYe played the part ol"
a great man. He was for two years
the idol of his country, and admired
tire world over. He used to declare
that he cared little about men wli"o
had great military reputations to pre.
servo; he was looking rather for men
who were about to earn great reputations. The day came when he was
asked to accept the principle as applied to himselfâhe was asked to
stand aside with the great, reputation
he had won, and make way for General Nivelle
General Tofffc was equal to It. He
stepped aside.-He did not get angry
and go into politics, but kept on do-
Fond Hope ting whatever was required" of him.
â ,. ,r , , . Ill the story of General Tollrc is any-
Pathcrâ\ou have been running. thjnÂ§ likc what ;t is popuiar]y sup.
ââ- . . . ahead of your allowance, Robert ,;cl t bc hc win be a fi fi 'c
possible he will face it m the spirit. SonâI know it, dad. T'vc beenlfn history, not orrly for what he did,
of these epacioustimes^. Pie will face* hoping for a Jong trmc that the al-|but for thc spirit in which he made
for his successor.âToronto
â¢Jt in the spirit of Iris forebears, whollowancc would strengthen up enough[ ^-ay
/reclaimed the waste places of Canada1 to overtake me.âBoston Transcript- j Star.
Mineral Wealth of British Columbia
Could Take Care of British War Debt
There are enough minerals in Canada not only to pay ihe war debt of
the Dominion but of the whole â Empire. The mineral wealth of Canada
is like that which was found in the
LTral mountains from which the grand
duke's in Russia secured fabulous fortunes, and it would not be surprising
if the Rockies are not a portion of
the same formation and connected
by a dip below the sea. This is how
the Marquis of Qucensbury, one of
the leading authorities on ruining
matters, spoke recently at Winnipeg
on his way from British "Columbia to
'England, â intending to interest -*api-
talists there in some of the new
claims he has staked in the Canadian'
West. The people of Canada, Ik* declares, need have no fenr about tho
war debt, as thc mineral wealth of
British Columbia alone could take
care of that and also of the debt of
Great Britain. He has travelled, in
every clinic- and tongue and hi.- con-/
elusion is that Canadians do net. realize the real value of their heritage
in the .matter of natural rcsorrces.
Some of the greatest mining i*.-.*.mps
the world has ever seen, lie say.-, will
be seen there before the next c'-*'.*adc
has passed. Hc has secured ten
square miles of mineral country on
Porchcr Island, which he proposes
to offer to the home government- on
condition that they establish a smelter there. The marquis says he is
surprised that more Canadians do not
go in for this branch of study, especially those who have interest in geology. Most of the prospectors now
in the field, he says, have an eye for
only thc commonest ores and let ihe
most valuable, ones go untouched . â
If there is left in the world any
principle of justice, the Germans
must pay for the wanton devastation
they are making in France. It is It*.
vain that their dispatches plead military necessity. Law and custom of
the civilized world limit such necessity. An army may destroy, houses
and villages which, hinder the use of
a particular terrain. Such right, however, is properly exercised only when
a battle is imminent. There, is no
warrant for destroying a whole region, on the off chance that battles
will bc fought somewhere within its
limits. In brutality ravaging one of
the fairest portions of France, the
Germans are consistent with their
record in Belgium and Poland.
Their cruel and ignoble policy has,
of course, its base in their theory
of thc conduct of war. Other nations
expect to win by the impressions
their troops make on' lire armed foe.
Germany expects to" win by striking
terror into helpless 'non-combatants.
She hoped to hasten victory by sacking-Aerschot, Dinant, Louvain, and
scores of hapless villages. ' She now
hopes to make the cost of driving her
back intolerably heavy by creating 'a.
wilderness as she withdraws. How.
shall such a nation'be dealt with in"
The danger is some casual recourse to lex talionis,. The time is
not too far distant ' when reprisals
for Louvain could be made in tha
lovely cities of thc Rhine. Til's
Drachenfels might, pay for the. demolished castle of Coucy. Such
vengeance would be just, but mistaken. Cool-headed justice would
impose simply payment for damage
inflicted, and indemnities running
over years, and reminding children
of the sins of their fathers would be
a far more exemplary retribution,
than reprisals in kind.
If this view is correct, it has a
distinct bearing on the peace terms.
As a preliminary to uegotiEtions,
Germany should be required to surrender Hamburg and Bremen. It is
only through possession of the great
custom houses of the empire... that
there can be any certainly of collecting the vas.t 'indemnities'-' which
Germany will'owe. The custom
houses should'be held until' the.guarantees for payment arc adequate. It
would be an exemplary act â if the
entente allies should commit thc estimate of indemnity lo an impartial
tribunal, as The Hague court. Nothing would more strengthen the principle of international' arbitration.â
Prof. F.J. Mather, of Princeton, in
Food Profiteers Are Traitors
Thc monopolist who exacts unreasonable prices from the Caiuuiian
public for necessaries of life just because war conditions enable him to
do so is just as effectively a traitor
as the munition maker who robs the
government in a deal for war supplies. Jt amounts to the same thingâ
the* weakening of national strength,at
a time when to weaken it is a crime.
The. food profiteer deserves the same
punishment as the munitions profiteerâand both of them deserves a
good deal more, than they seem at
all likely to get',âFrom the Edu'on-
A Strinff of Forty Elevators, to Bs
Erected in Alberta This
Elevator companies are planning to
construct this spring a large number
of new storehouses in Alberta. The
Alberta Farmers' Co-operative company counts on putting' up forty elevators in the province before thc 1917
crop is ripe, to reach from the'Peace
River to thc southern boundary. Already 36 sites hive been secured, and
negotiations are under way for the
remainder. -'All railway- lines .arc being treated _ impartially, and new
structures will appear this year on
practically every branch line in the
province. The total cost of the elevators i3 placed roughly at $350,000,
and the capacity pf the. structures
will run all the way from- 35,000.to
65,000 bushels each. Thc buildings
will bc planned much the same' as
those already in use by this company,
with all modern handling and storing
Placing the average storage capacity of these elevators- at 40,000 bushels, thc total additional capacity
which will be provided by this company for thc 1917 crop will- be.1,600,-
000 bushels. Work is to be c.oninienc.-.
ed at once, and about-150-mcn will he
Rcsposibility of the Professors
It is the professors who arc ,mosV
responsible for Germany's failure lo
understand1 the psychology of other
peoples or, for that matter, to recognize that psychology calls for common-sense in its practitioners. The
German people and thc German government have been filled up by 'the
professors with generalizations based
on no facts at all or no facts unil-
luminatcd by the teachings of coni-
mon-sensc. Coupled with the fundamental generalization oF. the Teuton "race" as the darling of dest inland, evolution went the generalization of France as a degenerate, nation that could not fight, of England
as a shopkecping nation that would
not 'fight, of Russia as a scmi-besUal
nation that might bc left out of account except when needed as a
bugaboo, for. Socialists.âFrom the
New York Evening Post.
â â v.l--
W â 'â >.
*yv;* %â¢."~"i\!*\:; **Â£\V*3,.â *â¢*â¢Â» ?>
-â¢i~- ***r * "* r, j* ~ _ *'* â¢ - ,'j *^"~ '**"
THE GAZETTE, HEDLEY, B. C.
Enemy Would Rather Face Anything
Than the Canadians
Thc Germans'>-'h'avevadmitted at
last that when it comes to- a direct
attack upon their trenches, they
would sooner have any other force
against .them than the Canadians.
They possess a furiousriess, united
to a coolness of action, that entirely
disconcerts them.. In its reports/the
Canadian War Records office describes one of these recent raids upon
the enemy, which amply bears out
the verdict of the enemy. Stripped of
all verbiage the account is as, follows: '. : â¢'..,-â â
Our cdutner-blow was delivered at
an early hour the following morning. Several parties took part in the
operation. Under cover of ah intense
artillery barrage the attacking parties
formed up outside our wire enfagle-
ments, and then advanced against the
enemy trenches on a frontage of over
600 yards, including the well-known
and strongly-fortified-position known
as "The Pimple." y
The-^Germans for the. most part
v ere still cowering in their dug-outs
when bur men poured into the trenches. On the left, there was a strong
resistance from the direction of. the
Triangle, the Germans attempting to
bomb down to the assistance of the
garrison directly attacked. However,
the party detailed to protect the flank
held firm, and thus permitted another
party to penetrate across several,lines
of trenches to a < depth of about 700
yards. Any Germans who resisted
were quickly shot or, bayonctted,
and many dug-outs from which the
cuemy refused to emerge were
bombed and then destroyed by portable charges. Nobody was left
alive in the whole area over which
our attack was spread. ^
Sappers and pioneers who. accompanied the raid located three large
mine shafts, which they completely
wrecked. The enemy retaliation wai
directed in part upon his own frontline. We remained in possession of
the German trenches for nearly an
hour and finally withdrew, taking with
us 47 prisoners of the llth Bavarian
Regiment, including one officer and
U. S. Senator Makes Good
On Saskatchewan Farm
Interesting Story of How Wealth Is
Quickly Attained in Western Canada
'._ Can a man start life over again at
sixty, or thereabouts and "'make
good" in a new occupation under
strange conditions? That is the question former United States Senator
Burnell, of Massachusetts, found
himself called upon to face when his
physician told him he could no longer follow his life-career of railway
man. How Senator Burnell answered
that question reads like a romance,
and may interest others who, with the
best part of their life gone, find them,
selves confronted,with broken health
or financial circumstances * that demand a radical change of profession.
Senator Burnett's story is told in a
recent issue of "The Nor'-Wes t
Farmer,"-ah agricultural/paper published at Winnipeg, Manitoba. He,is
Ll?SHnâ 'K^^Tâ *h<, haVC ?u-(eres for thc breakfast table but also
To Increase Production
On Dry Land of Prairies
Lethbridge Experimental Results
Have Revealed Two Methods
How to apply stable manure >. on
land to obtain the best results in
the drier regions of the prairie is a
problem not always well understood.
The most convenient lime to haul
manure is in the late fall, or during
the winter and early spring when it.
is impossible to work on the land.
-- On account of our dry climate the
manure is apt to be coarse and dry.
If this is ploughed under and a crop
is put in at once, the results are
almost certain to be disappointing,
because, owing to the trashy condition of the manure, the soil is held
tco open and dries out rapidly. The.
manure so' applied is only ..-partially
rotted by fall, for the growing crop
has kept the soil so dry that proper
decomposition has been prevented.
Thus/instead of the-manure being an
asset,.it has -really been a detriment
lo the first crop.
From the experiments carried on
at the Lethbridge station in this connection, it has been found that there
arc two methods of applying the
manure to land that invariably give
satisfactory results. Tire first, and
probably the most satisfactory method, is to apply the manure on land
that is to be summerfallowed, hauling it any time that is convenient
during the previous fall, .winter or
â¢spring, for after it is turned under,
while the land is being ploughed for
fallow to a depth of seven or eight
inches, it has .plenty of chance to
rot during the summer, and becom.;
v/ell incorporated iri the soil. Should
there be weeds or volunteer grain
conic from thc manure they , will
naturally be killed by the surface
cultivation given to thc fallow.
Manure in dry soils not only increases the plant food, but adds to
the humus which increases the soil's
capacity to. retain moisture. The
same method should he followed in
applying manure to the vegetable
garden, i.e., it should be ploughed
under and thc land should be allowed to remain fallow thc same as for
fie'd crops, the only difference beinj*
that a neavier application of manure
may be given, ft is not advisab.'e.
lo apply manure on land that is '.o
be ploughed and put into vegetables
thc same season; in fact, tire 011I3'
way this can be done without undc-
sitable results is*-- to use very well
rotted material and give only a light
Another place where manure can
bo applied to advantage is on grass
lands. It has been found that a
mulch of any kind applied to the
grass meadow in the fall is very
beneficial, due in a large measure to
the winter protection afforded the
plants. Manure applied to grass land
so applied, thc winter _ snows and
spring rains will pack it enough to
make it lie so close to the soil tlrat
little, if any, will rake up when the
hay crop is being cut the following
summer. This fall . application of
manure i3 particularly recommended
for all kinds of grasses, but it is also
beneficial to alfalfa.
only found health and success on the
broad fields of Western Canada, but
arc, by their own enterprise and culture, contributing to the country of
their adoption those solid qualities
which,make for an enduring civilization. His story is well' told in his
'T am American born, the son of a
farmer," said Mr. Burnell, "and.it is
strange how later in life one will turn
again to the employment of his boyhood, particularly if forced to drop
his life work as I was. I left the
farm and took Up railroading, and in
1S69 was station agent in a small
town in Maine. In 1876 I was transferred to a station in New Hampshire,
where I remained 27 years. In 1900
and 1901 I was elected to represent
my town in thc state legislature at
Concord, and in 1903 was elected as
senator for the fifth senatorial district
of New Hampshire. From 1903 till
1914 I was agent in a large city for
a railroad in Massachusetts; the last
fifteen months of my service 1 worked about 455 days without a rest,
which brought on a complete nervous
breakdown. My physician ordered
absolute restâto go on a chicken
ranch or something like that in the
country where it would be quiet and
without nervous strain. But I kad
heard of the Canadian west and its
broad wheat fields, arrd the idea of
raising wheat appealed to mc. I
came to Saskatchewan and purchased
a half-section of C.P.R. land near
Asquith and Dunrferline stations -on
the C.N.R. and C.P.R., a_bout
twenty miles cast of Saskatoon. ~~ I
had building's erected and took possession April 1st in 1914. My capital
consisted of about $2,000 in cash. I
purchased an outfit Consisting of four
good horses and such implements as
were' necessary, and broke 100 acres,
getting it ready for cropping in 1915-
The following year I rented another
quarter and bought a new horse outfit, putting in two hundred and thirty
acres of crop. I also broke one
hundred acres more oniny own place
and got it ready for the 1916 crop.
My crop in 1916 consisted of about
two hundred acres all on my own
place. Thc two crops I have raised
totalled just about $10,000 to me. J
have paid off all my indebtedness, and
have a good balance on hand. Outside of the half section with buildings
and mostly all under, cultivation 1
have ten good horses and all the machinery needed to farm my half section of land, including a threshing
outfit'. My salary on thc railroad
Poultry and Eg-jr Production! A Yankee Who Warn King
A Plan for the Assistance and Encouragement of Urban
The present year will see a great
increase in the number of urban poultry keepers- The almost prohibitive
prices of eggs and poultry during the
past winter have caused many â¢ consumers to seriously consider the home
production of these very irecessary
and useful commodities. It is important" also that any efforts put
forth in this direction result satisfactorily.
Many difficulties present themselves in attempting to rear chickens
successfully on a small city lot. Experience has shown that the best way
for urban poultry keepers to enter the
poultry business is by thc purchase of
pullets in the fall. Well-matured
pullets are the most reliable winter
egg, producers and if well cared for
will riot only produce plenty of fresh
return a reasonable profit on the expenditure entailed.
Ordinarily, well-nraturcd'pullets arc
rather scarce and difficult to obtain in
the fall of the- year. It is believed,
however, of the matter were taken up
systematically by poultry associations
that the difficulty could be overcome,
and, incidentally, serve as a means of
increasing interest in the poultry industry. Practically every large town
and city has its local poultry association. It is suggested that each association give some publicity to the suitability of thrifty, well-matured pullets for profitable winter egg production arrd advertise the fact that the,
association is prepared to constitute
itself a medium to arrange for the
hatching and rearing of pullets ' this
^spring and for their delivery in thc
"fall. It could be announced that orders would be taken during the
month of April and the first part of
May. i All those desiring pullets in
this way could bc required to join.the
association and make a small deposit
covering thc number required.
The association' could then make
such arrangements as'might be necessary with nearby co-operative associations, farmers and breeders for the
growing of the pullets, a minimum
price to be decided upon for thc different breeds and varieties- In the
fall these could be assembled at some
central depot in each locality and
the distribution made in time to permit of the proper housing of thc
stock in permanent winter quarters
before the severe weather set in, say
by the last of October.
In order that greater effectiveness
may bc given to this proposal, the
Dominion Live Sotck Branch is prepared to extend, to all associations
qualifying under these provisions, the
same assistance that is given to associations desiring to purchase other,
kinds of pure bred live stock, namely.
thc payment of reasonable travelling W/jjmati Comillt?
Truth Is Again Proved to be More
Strange Than Fiction
A monument was erected a few
weeks ago to the memory of a dead
monarch.'It was just a simple pole,
carved grotesquely and stuck in thc
ground like a fence post, but it rc-|
presented a world of sentiment to
those who raised it.
Strange as it may seem, the dead
monarch to whorrr thc honor had
been paid by loyal subjects was a
Yankee, a former sea captain who
had imposed his welcome authority
on a half civilized nation and had
been accorded fealty in return.
"Thc dead monarch was formerly
Capt. -Welsbarth, adventurer", "black-
birder" and sailor,. extraordinary,"
says the San Francisco Chronicle.
"Forty years ago he went to San
Francisco from Maine as mate in an
American clipper ship. He reship-
ped for Australia and then into the
South Seas on a trading expedition.
â "Ten years later he came back with
a belt full of gold and bought a saloon on the San Francisco waterfront. He' presided behind thc bar
a year and then, tiring of a sedate
life ashore, sold his saloon to his
bartender for $10, and with the la-
tonic remark, 'This is no life for ' a
white man,' sailed as a passenger for
Tahiti. There he outfitted a little
sailing sloop for trading.
"Afterward, it was rumored, he became a 'black-birder' recruiting' by
doubtful means Polynesian natives
for delivery to plantation owners in
Hawaii and other islands. In 1890 he
put intb Tabiteuea, in the Gilbert
group, and there he met Princess
Teoti, daughter of the'native chieftain. They fell in love and were
married by tribal ceremony and later
by a Christian missionary in Honolulu.
"Afterward Capt. Wclsbarth quit
black-birding and confined himself lo
trading. Until 15 years ago he made
annual trips to San -Francisco always
accompanied by his wife. Then hi
quit roving and settled down in Plon-
"In 1914 his wife learned her father had died-and that she had inherited the rulership of the isle. The Eng.
lish, who had taken over the group
in the meantime asked her '" to return to keep the natives pacified.
Capt. __ Welsbarth built the little
schooner Teotiânamed for his wife
âand they sailed for Tabiteuea. Mrs-
Welsbarth became Queen Teoti and
her. husband was known as king.
"Early last month the little trading-
steamer Kestel put into Tabiteuea
and learned that Capt. Wclsbarth
had died there a month earlier vof
fever. The natives erected a monument in his memory, which was plac
ed beside others reared to their'nil
ers for thc last five centuries "
expenses, during the time required to
conclude the purchase and transport
of the stock to destination, of representatives of associations, in any section of Canada, desiring to purchase
pullets in lots of 300 or more. Should
it be desired, the Live Stock Commissioner will also nominate a suitable person who will be directed to
accompany this representative and
assist him as far as possible in the
selection and shipping of the pullets.
In the general interests of the poultry industry throughout the Dominion and thc urgent need this year for
Into Their Own
i. a large surplus for export to Great
Britain, it is hoped that as many asso.
ciations as possible will take advantage of this proposition. All associations desiring to become active in this
direction are requested to write the
Live Stock Commissioner, Ottawa, at
once for further advice and instruction in the matter.
averaged from $20 per month at first increased production of eggs and
to $100 per month at last; my crop/ poultry and the releasing thereby of
this year netted me over $600 per
month for-- the entire year's operations."
- The West, and particularly Western Canada, is so often spoken-of as
trie country of young men, that it is
refreshing, particularly to those who
have passed . the half century mark,
to learn that the age at which a man
must make room in factory or office
for younger blood is not too old to
start life anew on the prairies, with
the prospect of not only material
success but additional years of vigor
and usefulness. The story of -Ex-
Senator Burnell can no doubt be duplicated in many other experiences. It
stands out as a reminder tlrat nature
draw*s no age limit on a man so long
as he has enterprise and courage.
Rations and Health
Expense Account of Czar Revealed
The Russian provisional government, following a demand hy thc
council of workmen and soldier deputies, lias decided to confiscate the
lands and monasteries of the late imperial family.
A list of the expenses of the imperial family, never permitted to be
discussed in the duma, has been published, the correspondent reports.
Over $20,000,000 a year of it was
made up by direct state contributions. Among the items are: $600,-
000 for automobiles and for the imperial stud; $250,000 for hunting; $1,-
000,000 for court ceremonies; $1,000,-
000 for the imperial household at
The New Styles
HeâThe styles in women's clothes
SheâDon't worry,, dear,
change before you get me
First Professional Charity
er. (to second ditto)-âI'm
awfully bored this morning
Yes? So am 1. Let's
mind someone's business.
The Soldier Relies on an Abundant
Supply of Good, Pure Water
Last September General Haig instituted enquiry into thc feeding of
the troops. With experts from the
War Office the bread, meat, butter,
tea, coffee arrd cocoa, etc., were examined oir the spot. On thc whole,
the commission-, reported favorably,
and satisfied themselves that the methods of inspection could not be very
well improved upon. Standards,
quantities, arrd freshness of delivery
however, were revised, with, the result that officers and doctors are
unanimous in declaring tlrat the care
with which rations are handled accounts for the splendid health of the
troops. Simultaneous with this, attention was paid to the water question, and it is interesting to note what
a,soldier- has to say on the "dry" liquid at the front. "There is no drink
that a soldier . relishes more than
good, clean, pure water. When one's
pluck has to be. got level with a
stabbing affair, anything that will
give you ginger,for the job is pardonable, but week in and week out
the soldier loves his water. Since
the beginning of the year the water
has not only improved but is served
with more expedition, and every one
has a good word to say about thc
No Idle Women in Europe,
Mary Boyle O'Reilly
"Women are coming
own today. This war has raised the
standard of women," Miss- Mary
Boylc -O'Reilly told the women of
the-New England Press association
the other day. Miss O'Reilly, thf,
daughter of John Boyle O'Reilly, has
Just returned from Europe,- where
she had been a war correspondent
since September, 1914.
"I was assigrred a ruther broad territory when I went abroad," sire said
"The continent of Europe was my
siamping groundâEngland, France,
Belgium, Scandinavia, Russia a.nd
Poland were included in my district.
"You know little about your sisters
on the oilier side of the ocean today
There are three million women
working in .overalls in England. No
woman over there would dare be
idle; poverty is no disgrace. No
longer dp the 'women bf Europe consider thc fasnions. There are forty
millions in Europe without homes
and the'women recognize their duty
and are doing it.
"No matter who are doing th-;
f.ghting, in every land that I visited
the armies always had the women to
speed them up, and out of this awful chaos we will'see a noble type of
woman rise as it were from the dust,
and as thc prayer of Poland would
say, 'O, Lord, let that dust be free.' "
More Than 30,000 British Women in
Auxiliary Corps -,
More than thirty thousand Englishwomen have volunteered to form
an auxiliary army corps for service
in France. Within forty-eight hours
aflcr^the scheme was first announced
thousands of applications had been
received arrd'sacks of letters arc still
pouring into the headquarters of the-
movement at St. Ermin's hotel. ,
The women are to bciscnt in groups'
of two hundred.across the Channel,
and it is expected that-at least-five
thousand will, work near the firing'
lines. Before any of them are -sent, â¢
three weeks training is required in
England. - , ...
- The immense success of the movement so far proves .that' if "British -
women had been organized at the â¢
outbreak of the war, as the best feminine intellects of the-* country "de- .
â¢-.landed, the present economic situa- '
tion of the country might.be substantially different. -
The first aim is to" secure women
with skilled hands." They-are wanted not merely in .'France, but in Britain also: The chief demand is for
women mechanics, motor'car drivers,
cooks, stenographers, waitresses,
packers arrd telephone operators,'
milkers, shepherdesses, haymakers,
horsekeepcrsj" cowkcepers, ' market
gardeners and harvesters'/
All the women enrolled are to be
-â asked to hold themselves ready'for
service both in France and England.
1 hose going to FYance receive-* a
short preliminary "training in England,
including elementary' instruction "in
-hygiene and discipline. Unskilled
workers arc taught the rudiments 'of
a trade sufficient to enable them to
serve with the skilled labor;
The pay varies according" to the
duties, the minimum being $5* weekly, with fourteen cents an hour for
overtime, which is rather below the .
current rates. Twenty dollars is
given each woman to provide a,uniform, consisting of a khaki tunic'and
trousers, high boots and sombrero,
hats. A grarrt of $25 is made at the "
end of the second year-
If the pay is low, it is scarcely
likely to deter enrollment, for practically every applicant" expresse's a
keen desire to be'allowed to assist,
the army in France. Many state they
arc proud to be asked to help their
men folk near the field of battle. Al- -
though they are not likely to get' ' -
nearer than forty milcsfrom the firing lirre, thc sentimental consideration is creating wonderful enthusiasm
among the volunteers.âNew York
Growing: Rice in Peru
In two coast departments of Peru,
the cultivation of rice claim.*, attention of the greater part of the inhabitants. The land is fertile, there
is an abundance of water, arrd the climate is favorable. About 60,000
acres in these two departments are
cultivated, giving an average yield of
about 1,500 pounds an acre. It is
estimated that the total production
in these and other provinces "will
reach 40,000 metric tons in 1915-16.
The quality is said, to be unexcelled,
and it finds a market in other countries as well as at home.
. Perhaps the briefest funeral ora-
' tion ever delivered was that of an
I old negro of Mississippi over the
â¢ body of another of his race who had
â¢ borne a very bad reputation. Lifting
Judge (to old-timer)âI haven't! his hat and looking down upon the
seen you here for six months. That's: coffin, the old fellow said in solemn,
pretty good for you. ''funeral tones: "Sam Viser, yo' is
PrisonerâI've been sU4*. -.-bed, yerjgone. We hopes yo' is gone whar
honor- 'we 'sheets yo' hain't."
Pioneer Days Nearly Ov.er
Different Localities Will Develop
Their Own Type of Products
The pioneering days of the world
are drawing to a close, according to
Dr. F.F. Wesbrook, president of the
University of British Columbia, who
into theirJ addressed the Western Canada Irrigation Association at theirJast. convention on Agricultural Education in
"The time has come lo plan -definitely for utilizing our lands in perpetuity," said Dr. Wesbrook. "It is
â no longer easy, after having exhausted one piece of-land, to sell out and
move on- p'rom now on, we may expect to see different localities-in this
country, as in Europe, . developing
each its own type of cereals, fruits
and other crops arrd in addition' definite and wholly desirable strains of
livestock, which shall be known
throughout the world as produced by
and peculiar to those localities. We
shall look forward to our analogues
of Clydesdales, Percherons, Shropshire.*, Holsteins, Jerseys, Befkshires,
and other strains.
-â "This is'an'ambition-':-, yet- to be
achieved. It is only possible when
year after year, generation after, generation, and century after century,
the knowledge acquiredby the father
is passed on to the son and the desired goal is reached not alone through
careful selection of the-animals, but
through careful selection, training
and encouragement'of-the- men who
seek thus to glorify their calling.
"The pioneer liked elbow room,
but elbow room will soon be hard to
find- Individualism grew rampant.
Ihe pioneer's problems were his physical and biological and not his human environment. . We.shall hope
for the-perpetuation of individuality
and for thc growth of personal* freedom. Such personal liberty for
which every one should be' ready to
fight, is the individual's^ right to
serve, and not his right to impose his
V'ill ruthlessly upon another. We
are face to face with the relation of
the individual to the mass. We can
no longer think and plan in terms of
individual, of community, of state or
of nation, but in terms of world.
This is the natural and incvitabla
evolution. - â-
"Wc may expect to see specialization, increase instead of decrease.
Our social complexities have increased with our scientific.' and economic
progress. Specialization brings greater mutual dependence < and greater
danger of individual and group isolation. Group co-operation and co-ordination have not kept pace with
progress in the various special lines.
The two safeguards upon which we
must rely are our educational and
ââ¢j* n^n.-,*Â»Â»rv>aa rjrt<a>*THE GAZETTE, KEDLEY, B.
Britain Has New
Stokes Gun Discharges- Accurate
'and Deadly Flight of Bombs
One of the commonest fallacies at
the beginning of_thc war and for a
long time after-was that the Germans
possessed -all thc inventive genius
among the combatants. The Germans themselves 'thought so , and
continued to 'say so every possible
,. occasion â * > -
Now, however, that legend is exploded. The Germans know that
England has beaten her at her own
game. The giant howitzers that bat-
' - tered down the Liege and Namur
forts have been equalled and surpassed' by the products of thc English
gun -factories, the German poison
gas and liquid fire have been better-
â¢ cd'both by the. English and French
- and the British tanks have "brought
-terror.to the hearts of the Germans.
New guns,, new shells and new appliances of all kinds bear testimony
to the inventiveness'of the British
brain and the capacity of the British
.One of thc ..latest, death dealing devices to "appear in-'the front line in
France is the Stokes gun. It has
been only vaguely described by the
war correspondents, .for the reason,
- of course, that detailed description is
-forbidden. The Germans know -to
their; cost-df its-existence,~but- they
do not know how the gun is made
nor h"ow it' works so that the* references to it must be more or less
vague. One of the correspondents
referring to it the other day said:
- "It sends up into the air, " like a
group of lead pencils, a flight of
bombs which sail down on to, their
â¢objectives with deadly accuracy and
a terrific explosive effect." Another
â correspondent .writes of the "corus-
-cations.of a hail of Stokes bombs
most awe-inspiring both in appearance and effect."
-The invento'r of the gun and , the
bomb.it fires is Air. Wilfred Stokes,
who lives at Ockham in Surrey, '"and
who is chairman of an engineering
firm al Ipswich. When asked how he
â came -to invent the gun Mr. Stokes
>aid: "A friend of mine came back
from France and told mc he was
convinced that this war was a battle
of wits' and that the side, which could
produce the most . effective death-
dealing machines would win.
. "I am a peaceful man and had
â never wished to invent a gun .J-hat
would so much as lift an eyebrow,
*bul this idea just came to me after
what my friend had said. A good
â deal of experimenting, chiefly on iny
own ground at Ockham, ended in.the
production of the present gun, thc
chief characteristics of which are
simplicity," lightness and quickness
. , The Two Blockades
Dogs and Cats in War
Are Put to Good Use in Ridding the
Camps of Rodents
Hundreds of cats and - thousands
of dogs are now serving their countries at the front. The canines have
a wide range of duties, according to
breed and size. Sledge dogs are used
in transporting supplies over the
mountains in the winter months, and
big Belgian dogs also draw machine
guns. The Red. Cross.has hundreds
of -four-footed assistants who search
out the wounded in the "No Man's
Land""between the trenches. Terriers and spaniels also have important duties to perform in freeing the
trenches .of the swarms of rats "which
infest them. The cats "do their-bit"
in the . various storehouses back of
the front, where the mice would
work great damage if left alone.
The demand for - cats as -mouse
catchers and for dogs as rat catchers
is greater than the supply. From
all 'â over France cats have been shipped to the front to conserve the pri-
cious food . supply from the ravages
.. f rodejrts. -.Country-cats areâ :â¢' preferred to city cats for this purpose.
In <the early "months of'â¢trench warfare the trenches swarmed with
rats,- but this problem has. now been
solved by the French military authorities. They announced that each
pilou fetching a rat catching dog to
the .trenches would be rewarded by
two days' additional leave of absence
on his next permission. Since that
order Was issued every soldier who
visits his home makes it a point to
find a terrier or a spaniel to take, back
to the front with him. Each owner
of such a dog is also entitled to "a
small sum for each rat killed and the
fortunate owner of an ambitious can-
ine is greatly envied by his comrades.
The dogs and cats who serve their
country in this way are favorites with |
the soldiers, and they find life easy
and agreeable, with lots of sport and
plenty to cat. Fido has only to bark
or Puss to mew to induce the'polius
to divide up their food.
Germany's Methods of Blockade
Never Had a Shadow of
The difference between the British
and German blockades is easily stated and in a few-words. The British
blockade is physical and effective,
and therefore valid against international law; it is directed against contraband cargoes and not against the
lives of neutrals; and it. is conducted
under the legal sanction of the prize
courts-, The German blockade, or
rather its declaration of intention 10
blockade, makes no pretense to observe the rules prescribed in the Declaration' of Paris, to which Prussia
was a subscriber in 1856. It proposes
â not to establish a cordon -around
British ports and seize and condemn
as prizes ships that try to enter with
contraband cargoes but to loose submarines over, wide areas of thc high
seas and sink indiscriminately -.and
without warning the ships of all nations found within such zones. The
crews of such vessels are to*-have no
chance for their lives and their, owners no chance to establish their rights
in prize courts- >"
The German declaration.is- recent
enough to beremembered. It is summed up in the one sentence, "All
ships met within the zone will bc
sunk." - Thc British declaration of
blockade made in a note to this government March 15,- 1915, probably is
not so well remembered, particularly
in minds "seeking to justify" the
American course, and it may be well
to repeat its terms- Sir Edward
"The government of Great Britair*
has frankly declared, in concert with
the government of France, its intention to meet the German attempt to
stop all supplies of every kind from
leaving or entering British or French
ports by themselves stopping supplies going to or from Germany. For
this purpose the British fleet- has instituted a blockade, effectively con-
j trolled by cruiser cordon'all passages
to or from -Germany by sea. The
differences between the two policies
is, however, that, while our object is
the same as that of Germany, we propose to attain it without sacrificing
neutral ships or non-combatant lives-
or inflicting upon neutrals the damage that must be entailed when a
vessel -and its cargo are sunk -without
notice, examination or trial. I must
emphasize again that'this measure is
a natural and necessary consequence
of thc unprecedented methods, re
pugnant to all law and morality,
which have been described above, and
which Germany began to adopt at
the very outset, of the war, and the
effects of which have been "constantly
Germany's methods of blockade
never had the shadow of validity,
and as much was tacitly admitted
when the German government announced that it -would abandon them
after the sinking of the Sussex-; The
American government had then notified the German government that the
continuance, of diplomatic relations
was dependent upon that abandonment. Now, after nearly a year, the
German government serves notice of
the withdrawal of its pledge and its
purpose to resume, without restriction, its illegal and inhumane methods of sea warfare. The United
States took the only action it could
take under its former notice, and is
not only "toting fair," as between the
combatants, but with its own citizens,
whose lives and property - were
threatenedââKansas City Times.
Seeding: Down To Grass
One of the Very Best Methods
Combating Weed Trouble
The difficulty of securing sufficient
help on the farms to work the fields
under cultivation; the increasing scarcity of native.grasses in many districts', due to. the land being broken
up,' together'with a realization by
many farmers of-the fact that seeding
down to grass is one of the best
methods of combating weeds, arc
creating quite a demand for information on methods of seeding down.
Experiments have been conducted
on the Scott Station, at Scott, Sask.,
to determine the best kinds of grasses
to grow, and the" best methods to
adopt in seeding down. Western
Rye Grass has been found to give
slightly heavier yields of hay, than
does timothy or Brome grass, particularly in the second and third crops.
It is equal in feeding value and makes
a more dependable grass for hay purposes.
Brome grass has.proven to be one
of-the best pasture grasses, providing,'as it does, pasture for a long per.
iod each season-. It should not be
sown on heavy soil, except for permanent pasture, however, as owing to
its persistent nature,, it is almost as
difficult-to eradicate as-couch grass.
Kentucky Blue Grass, Meadow Fescue and Red Top- have also been
grown at the station. -The yields of
hay from these'.grasses are not as
heavy as-from thc timothy, rye or
Brome grass. Notes taken on the
aftermath indicate that the Kentucky
Blue grass would prove valuable as a
The experiment to determine the
best preparatory treatment for" seeding down, have given- some interesting results. Sowing on summerfal-
low land has given an^average yield
during the past four years of 2 tons
110 pounds per .acre. Sowing on land
that, had grown a crop of roots the
previous season has given a yield of
1 ton 1310 pounds, while sowing on
fall ploughed wheat stubble has given an average yield of 1 ton, 380
pounds. The second year, the difference jn yields from the various
plots has not been so striking, nevertheless the plots sown on summerfal-
low have given - a " slightly greater
Seeding down .with a nurse crop
has, during the past four years given
an average yield of 1 ton 910-pounds
from the first crop of hay harvested,
w hereas' seeding down without a
nurse crop has given almost double
this amount, namely, 2 tons 368
pounds. The nurse crop was wheat.
Oats have been tried as a nurse
crop and cut for hay. This plan, up
to the' present, has not proven satisfactory, owing .to the fact that thc
hot, dry weather, which usually prevails at the time of cutting the oats,
dried up the young, tender grass
In conducting the above experiments, "the. seed was mixed with the
grain and sown with the nurse crop.
When sown alone, the grass seed
was mixed 'with cracked wheat and
sown w*ith an ordinary grain drill.
Uniform cultural treatment was given all plots at the lime of sowing.
The soil was well worked, down and
usually packed before and after seeding. Packing before sowing made it
possible to sow the seed at a more
even depth. Packing after seeding
gave a more uniform germination
Department of Finance Compiling a
.Record of Enemy Property
The- department of finance at
.Ottawa is circularizing the- Dominion to discover real and personal
property in Canadian territory belonging to enemy subjects and to ascertain claims of British subjects
against enemy subjects or govern-*
Thc letter now being distributed,
The minister.of- finance for Canada
has been appointed public custodian
of enemy property, in Canada, under
thc provisions of the consolidated orders in council , .respecting- trading
with the enemy, assented to May 2nd
In view of such orders-in-council
and of thc proclamation of his excel
Iency the governor-general, issued
Feb- 12, 1917, and published in the
Canada Gazette on the 17th of the
same month, it is .important that-full
information should be obtained with
regard to all p'roperty, real and personal in Canadian territory belonging
to enemy subjects, and also with regard to all property, real and personal, in enemy territory belonging to
British subjects, together with claims
British subjects may have against
In order to comply with the directions contained in these orders, returns are required from all British
subjects, firms or corporations resident or carrying orr business in Canada, who are directly or indirectly
interested in any matters coming
within thc classes of subjects following:
(1) Property, real, or personal, in
Canadian territory, belonging to
(2) Debts, including-bank deposits
and bank balances, due to, or held on
behalf of enemy subjects resident or
carrying on business in enemy territory, or, due to or held on behalf of
enemy subjects resident in Canada.
(3) Property, real or personal/ in
enemy territory, belonging to British
subjects resident or carrying on business in "Canada'.
(4) Claims of British subjects resident or carrying on business in Canada against enemy governments-
If you are directly or indirectly interested in any of the classes of information set forth be good enough
to advise the department of finance,
Ottawa, under which of the classes
you desire lo make a return when the
necessary formwill be sent you.
Bagdad Taken At
The Right Time
Boy Scout Notes
To Great Britain
Let it be remembered that much
has been done, by the government's
decision to restrict the output of
beer to ten million standard barrels
per annum, and to limit by 75 per
cent, the quantities '.of spirits arid
wines released from bond for. con-r
sumption. This, let it be remembered, involves a loss of revenue of
about thirty-five millions. But it is
not enough, and it will soon be seen
that it is not enough. Mr. Lloyd
George has to keep his government
together so far as he can, and we
know thc attitude of many of them
towards the trade. But we are persuaded that the moment he sees the
Violet Spectre' of famine coming "upon us Ire will take his courage in both
Lands and, acting in the name of the
nation, prohibit all traffic in strong
drink till the end of the war. The
moment he takes that step 'we shall
be relieved of a burden too heavy
to bear.âFrom the British Weekly.
And Travelling Bag
A War Innovation
The war has produced the ' lady
chimney-sweep- In Camberr/ell, London, England, Mr. G. Gould's daughter, whose husband joined thc army
in the early days of the war, has
bravely cast aside all feminine prejudice against smeary w'ork and assists
her father on his daily round. She is
only twenty, and rrot only .does she
push the barrow, but she can push
the brushes and carry the bags on
occasion. She starts out fresh and
neat in the early morning, and ar-.
lives back tired and sootyâbut . always happy
â -'' Grace's uncle met her on the street
cne spring day and asked her whether
she was going out with a picnic party
} from her school.
"No," replied his eight-year-old
niece, "I ain't going."
"My dear," said the uncle, "you
must not say 'I ain't going,'" And
he proceeded to give her a little lesson in grammar: "You are not going.
He is not going. We are not going.
You are not going. They are not
going. Now can you say all that?"
"Sure, I can," responded Grace
quite heatily. "There ain't nobody
Shipments of manganese ore from
the Russian ports of Poti and Batum
decreased from 788,214 tons in 1914
to 9,750 tons in 1915-
A Unique Invention That Would
Prove Useful in an Emergency
Designed not only to look like an
ordinary travelling bag but to be used
as one under ordinary conditions, a
life preserver that has just been invented apparently provides a sensible
solution of the problem of safety at
sea in time of sudden emergency.
The bag is equipped with a false bottom that serves to hold in folded position a water-tight -"union suit which
is. attached in such a way that the bag
and suit act as a water-tight unit.
In an emergency all that is necessary
is to dump out the. contents of' thc
bag, remove the false bottom to let
the suit unfold, and get inside. The
user then closes and locks the top
over his head and jumps iiuo the
water, the required buoyancy being
supplied by the bag. The body of
the bag is equipped with a window
and with valves that admit air but
not water. Irrsidc, there is space for
storing food and water sufficient to
last severaldays. To prevent disaster in case the water-tight suit is punctured, an air-tight bag that is easily
inflated is installed inside the traveling bag.
Her Turn Next
Smith got married. The evening
of his first pay day he gave his bride
$14 of the $15 salary and kept only
a dollar forhimsclf.
But the second pay day Smith gavÂ«
his wife $1 and kept $14 himself-
"Why, John," she cried, in injured
tones, "how on earth do you think I
can manage for a whole week on a
"Darned if I know," hc answered
"I had a rotten time myself last week.
It's your turn now."âChicago Herald-
Hearing Is Believing
TeacherâRachel, use indigo
Rachel (after much thought)-
' bsby is indigo cart.âExchange.
Items Gleaned From Far and Near of
Interest to the Boy Scouts
"Do your Best" is the motto of the
Wolf Cub's. It is not only the motto
but. the aim of every member of this
junior organization. Day in and day
out Wolf "Cubs are endeavoring to
"Do Their Best-" That is why the
movement has spelled success frorrr
the very beginning. A Wolf Cub is
a boy between the ages of-.'nine and
twelve,..who has promised on his honor to do his best, to do his duty to
God and King, and to do a good turn
to somebody every day.
When Cecil Rhodes died and .left
his money for scholarship purposes,
his will directed that to win a scholarship a man must develop notable
literary and scholastic ability; love of
the out-of doors, strong, virile personal character and air unselfish desire to serve others. A New York
State Boy Scout, Ernest S. Griffith,
of Utica, N- Y., has filled the above
requirements, which means that Jfc
will have three years and $4,500 to
spend at Oxford University, England.
Griffith's training as a Scout laid the
foundations for his success.
The New York State College of
Forestry at Syracuse University is
offering one scholarship annually to
a-Boy Scout who is resident in New
York State and who fills_ certain requirements. The conditions include
his being a First Class Scout and
having at least ten out of the following fourteen merit badges: Forestry,
Camping) Bird Study, Cooking, Business, Pioneering and Stalking, First
Aid, Personal Health, Civics, Photography, Markmanship, Horsemanship,
Pathfinding and Taxidermy-
The candidate must satisfy the entrance requirements of the College by
having fourteen out of thc follow-ing
fifteen units for- College entrance:
English (four years), 3 units; History
1 unit; Elementary Algebra, 1 unit;
Plane Geometry, 1 unit; Solid Geometry 1-2 unit; French or German, 2
units; Physics, 1 unit;, Science, 2
units; Freehand or Mechanical Draw,
ing, 1 unit; Elective, 2 1-2 units.
The terms stipulate that there must
be at least three applicants in any
one year from which thc. College of
Forestry may select the one who satisfies the conditions most effectively.
The free scholarship covers the
amount of the annual incidental laboratory and infirmary fees, and the
Scouts who secure the scholarship
will be able lo take four years of
work for the cost of books, clothing,
room and board.
P'irst GirlâSo you met Mr Blank,
the famous writer at the reccKioii.
What do you think of him?
rn a| Second GirlâNot much. His
clothes are quite old-fashioned and I
The understood that he was celebrated for
I his style.
British Prestige Regained in
East by Justice to Mohammedans
Of the four holy cities of the east,
three, Mecca, Medina and Bagdad,
are now in the hands of the allies,
and any day may come the announce,
merit tlrat the fourth of them, Jerusalem, has fallen. This news will
have especial interest to Canadians,
as the army under Sir Archibald
Murray which is operating in Palestine is made up of Australians", New
/talanders, Canadians and the pick
of the Indian troops who have been
training in Egypt for the past two
years- We may- be- sure that when
thc war ends none of these cities will
be restored to Turkey, and tlrat thc
British flag will float over nhem as
long as tht empire endures'. Though
Mecca is the greatest of the sacred
cities, according to the Moslems, the
fall of Bagdad will make a greater
inpression throughout the east
than did the news that the grand
sheriff of Mecca had declared the independence of the city from Turkish
authority and had raised an army to
make good his declaration.
Mr. Cunlinc Owen writes to the
New- York Sun that the defeat of the
British at Kut was really a blessing
in disguise, although not many of us
will consider the surrender of Town-
shend and his gallant little army a
matter for belated rejoicing- Nevertheless, Mr. Owen says that if Bagdad had fallen at the time when
Townshend was within a day's march
of it the result might not have been
so well received by the Moslem
world. Two years ago the taking of
the city by a Christian army might
well have been regarded as a profanation, and there are not fewer than
90,000,000 Moslems in India. Whatever opinion, they had of the Turks,
the Turks were-at .least their co-religionists, and in certain parts -of
Bagdad neither Christian nor Jew is
allowed to set his foot- The taking
of Bagdad .early in the war 'might
have given offence in some quarters,
and might have added to the difficulties that have becrr experienced in
India since the beginning of the war.
In the past two years, however, the
Moslems have learned more about
Britain "than" millions of them knew
before. They have learned of the
role that Britain played in the liberation . of Mecca and Medina iii the
past year. The Grand Sheriff of
Mecca they regard as thc chief prophet of. their faith, the appointed
guardian of Mecca, their holy of
holies*: :. They.',-have seen him, -with
British assistance, restore the independence of Arabia as a kingdom.
They have heard, as Mr. Owen says,
of the-great honor conferred : upon
the Caliph when he travelled down
from Mecca to Jeddah lo visit- in
state the imposing fleet of British
and French vessels assenrbled there
to do him horror and hail him as
king. They have heard of his reception on board, with- 'â royal salutes,
and of thc'-imposing, embassies.-sent
to him at Mecca by Britain and
France, composed of the greatest
Moslem dignitaries under their sway.
They "know also, of thc steps taken
by the two powers to guarantee, the
safety of pilgrims desiring to visit
Mecca,.while the war is in progress.
Therefore'those of them-who.* may
have had doubts and apprehensions
on the subject a couple of years ago
realize that they have nothing to fear
fiom Britain,. that\ she' will as scrupulously respect their holy cities and
shrines as she w-ould respect Westminster Abbey, and that â¢henceforth
their most sacred cities will have the
protection of Britain and France- The
capture of Bagdad by Townshend
might have had an impotant politi-7
cal effect upon the Moslem world,
but his failure did not result, as Germany and Turkey fondly hoped, in
any great accession.to the central
powers on the part of the Mohammedans. Mr. Owen may be rather
straining .a point when-he sees in lire
early failure a real blessing, but apparently nothing of prestige was
lost at the Kut which has not been
regained. The additional and important fact has been impressed upon
the Moslem world that the British
always "come back-"
It seems very probable that Britain's mastery of the Tigris and thc
Euphrates valleys, including thc vast
oil mines and oil fields in the province of Mosul, will be followed if not
immediately, at least when thc war
is at an end, by the extension of the
empire's suzerainty and maybe spv-
erignty over the whole of thc southern portion of Persia. For some
time before the beginning of thc war
this part of Persia was recognized by
Russia, the only other European
power concerned, as a British sphere
of influence. Persia herself is in no
position now, nor is she likely to be
for many years to come, to assert
independence of some sort of European leadership and control. Her
government has been unable to preserve order, or even to keep open
thc main roads of the country- Lacking the viciousness of thc Turkish
government, thc Persian government
has. all the Turk's inefficiency. The
fall" of Bagdad means the printing of
another considerable block of red
upon the map of the world.
When fortune knocks at a shiftless man's door he is usually over at
a neighbor's trying to borrow some-
J thins-THE (IXZETTE. HEDLEY, B. &
A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST
1@ CENTS PES PLUG
5$*\ I it's not likely that the very
WARD. LOCK &CO.. UM1TEO
l^odoa. MalbsuiM. taxi Tea-net*
' "What is it? Oh, wh
gasped the girl.
The man's eyes flashed.
"'Yon, who know more than anyone, will forgive mc, I hope. I" took
Lirn by the throatâsoâ" and Ciprian imitated thc act of one who
pins his enemy, and seemed to sec
Wright before him as hc clenched
his teeth and breathed hard, "and 1
flung himâPlcavcu knows how I did
itâ I hadn't more than strength to
ciawl, I thought, till 1 saw him there
in front of mcâ1 flung himâ-backwardsâhead firstâover the balustrade, and on the stone flags by thc
There was a'"horrible â silence.
"Well, what then?" sobbed she at
"He lay quite, still- And I came
away. I came straight here."
Mabin was on her feet, staring
with agony into his face. ;
"But this Wright, oh, what happened to him?"
PIc shook his head.
"That," replied he iu a whisper,
"was what .1 .didn't want to have to
tell you. But as you force mc . to,
well, here goes, he was .dead. I had
killed him." -" â ,;'";'â
Mabin stifled a cry, and shrank
back, shuddering. '.â¢-.'
, CHAPTER XXIII.
There was a short silence. Ciprian
still sat with Mabin's hand in his,
clasping it almost convulsivcl}r. As
for the girl,'overwhelmed as she was
by his; tragic confession, she had
suffered so much during thc past few
days that even the horror of hearing"
such news could not affect her as it
would have dorrc in thc old cko's before the romance of her young life
After a few'minutes, she recovered
her self-possession, sat up in, the
chair iu which she had sunk back, and
with her^cyes fullof alarm and sympathetic horror, bent forward to
"It will be all right. Lord Moor-
hamptou will take care of that, won't
he?" - ^
Ciprian shook his head.
"I'm afraid, we mustn't count on
that," he said. "My father is the last
man to allow a scandal in his household if he could help it. But this
time he can't. It wasn't done in a
corner, but before witnesses. Not
only my father's wife was there, but
Dalmaine and one or two of the servants. Indeed a sort of crowd collected in no time, and there was a
terrible scene of confusion and muddle. My father did his best to cut it
short, ordered them to take him inside, and to send for a doctor, and I
could hear him, poor old chap, telling
everybody that it was 'an accident,
a terrible accidcnt.'-and that I should
bc off my head about it. But I wasn't. There! Be as shocked as you
like. 1 can't feci a.s if I deserved a
very heavy punishment. I didn't
â want ,ib murder him. I was carried
away by my feelings when I saw
him """smirking, and mocking my distress about thc loss of my boy. I
scarcely knew what.I did."
Mabin leaned forward, and spoke
"Everybody will understand that,
won't they? When all comes outâ"
â¢Hc looked at her quickly.
â¢"Well, well," he said, "don't let us
worry ourselves. indeed, it's very
good of you to take so much interest in mc." Pic broke off into a
laugh. "No, no, I mustn't talk to you
HRc that," he' went ou, in tones of
deep'feeling, "as if you were a easy
nal acquaintance. You!" j
He stopped, his emotion seemed to J
But' iM'abi'n had seen through all
his pretence, and knew that his assumption of indifference was put on
"Don't pretend to inc." she said in
a broken voice. "I know you care, I
know vou are troubled. And I know
âoh, I can't help knowing, that you
are in danger."
Unable lo resist thc effect of her
deep gravity, of her utter absorption
in his fale, Ciprian dropped all pretence of indifference, and said quicl-
''.[ must bear the consequences of
my own acts, like anybody else. As
you say, when everything comes out,
as I suppose it must come out now,
happen to me
Mabin stifled a groan.
Ciprian pressed her hand tenderly
"It's horrible to think of thc scandal and disgrace that the beastly
business will bring down on the old
place, though. 1 sympathize with my
father over that."
Mabin, hoarse with terror and distress, whispered:
"What will you do?"
He tried to rise, but she frowned,
and coaxed him down with looks and
gestures, as hc answered her:
"I'm going to thc hotel where I left
my boy when 1 first hinded. You rememberâRoom Nineteen?" And a
smile flickered over his face for a
moment as he said the words. She
bowed her head with a sob. "I've
given that address to the housekeeper
at H-alh Hill, so that, when I am
wanted, they may know where to find
me. 1 was notrgoing to let them say
I'd run away."
"No, no, of course not," said Mabin
eagerly. "But stillâyou won't go
there tonight, will you?"
"Yes. That's where I'm going to
"No," Mabin's voice grew firmer,
and it was she who now clasped; his
hand in both hers. "You must not
go. You're ill, and to go out again
in thc fog might do you ever so
much harm. You can't so to an
hotel when you're ill. Now,' can
you?" pleaded she earnestly.
"I'm all right," said he.
And this time hc rose to his feet.
But he swayed as hc stood, and Mabin leapt to his sideand put a trembling hand on his arm.
"Listen," she said.- "You trust Hie
don't you? You know how I, have
felt all thc iimc, don't you?"'.',
"God bless you, yes! ' Of course I
"Then you; must show your trust
by doing -what 1 wish. Sit down
again; no, lie down on the sofa. I
won't bother you, T. won't, fuss about
or worry you and I won't talk. But
it will break my heart to let you go'
out now, when I know you are not-
fit to go. You will do what I ask,
won't you? Won't you?"
She looked up into his face with
pleading eyes. Ciprian hesitated.
"I hate to have'to. refuse you anything," hc said. "But I feel I must
go. I ought lo go."
"Why? Why? You can do nothing yourself. You have left the
search for Dibs in good hands. I'm
going to hope for the best. I don't
believe the worst for him. No, I
don't. It would be too awful, when
âwhen ". -
Only by stopping* abruptly ' could
she save herself from a breakdown.
Ciprian, who was indeed worn out,
and quite aware that he was seriously ill, tried to disengage himself from
her clinging hand, and to make his
way to the door. .
"You won't stay? You will go?"
Ciprian bowed his head.
"I must." "' -
"Very well. Then will you promise
just this: to wait here while I send
for a doctor to see you. If he says
you may go, all right, L won't say
another word. If- "
Ciprian cut her short with a dreary
smile. He knew what the doctor-
would say, and did not mean to let
liim have thc chance of saying it.
"I'd rather not," he said. "Surely
you might trust me not to do anything that-would'hurt mc. I tell
you I'm all right.'
But every, movement, every look,
every tone of his hoarse and broken
voice, betrayed the fact, which he was
trying to conceal from her, that he
was indeed in no fit state lo leave
Suddenly she changed from pleading to imperious.
"Why is it you want to go?" she
He was startled into an admission.
"Bless my soul, need you ask?" he
retorted quickly. "Can I let you be
exposed to the risk of having an arrest made before your eyes?"
"You thinkâthey'll arrest you!"
"Well, they might. No, no, don't
look like Unit. I had to toll you,
since, you wouldn't let mc go with-
j out. I couldn't run thc risk of having
j your name mixed up with such a
| nasty business. There, child. There's
| thc truth. Now let mc go."
I But Mabin lost every trace of timidity at once, and became command-j-.
ing,' imperious, as she 'might have | S
been with poor Dibs himself. i &
"Then you shall not go," she sard' 5
firmly. And without any sign ofig
hysteria or of excitement, she wcnljg
to thc door, and standing with her J S3
back to it, directed him to thc sofa. S3
"Go and lie down there," she saidjjS
gently, but with an air of authority | S3
which, even at that moment, amused â
him, "and try to forget everything.
Just lie still, and don't move. Do
it," she repeated, as hc laughed, and
hesitated, and began to protest. "Do
it. You shall, you must."
(To Be Continued.)
Quite All Right
_ "Sec here that costume is cut entirely too low for a ballroom."
"Don't be absurd, mother. This is
a street suit."
Restored to Health fey Lydia E.
Pinldhain's Vegetable Compound.
Aurora, HI.â"For seven long months
I suffered from a female trouble, with
severe pains in my
back and --ides until
I became so weak I
could hardly walk
from chair to chair,
and got so nervous
I would jump at tho
slightest noise. "*I
to do my housework, I was giving
up hope of ever being well, when my
sister asked me to
try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. I took six bottles and today I
am a healthy woman able to do my own
housework. I wish every suffering
woman would try Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound,- and find out for
themselves how good it is."âMrs. CarI/
A. Kieso, 596 North. Ave., Aurora, 111.
â¢ .. The great number of unsolicited testimonials on file at the Pinkham'Laboratory, many of which aro from time
to time published by permission, aro
proof of the value of Lydia E. Pinkham's. Vegetable Compound,-in - the*
treatment of female ills.
Every ailing* j woman in Canada is
cordially invitee! to write to the Lydia
E. Pinkham Medicine Go. (confidential),
Lynn, Mass., for special advice. It is
free, will bring you health and may
save your life.
The Mosquito Peril
Danger From Disease Carriers
^Should be Better Known
One of thc greatest discoveries fn I cn.se gcrrns into thc atmosphere of
' ' â ' " â¢ â ' â ' air ordinary room. Of these germs â¢**.
well person might inhale "20,000 in a
Germs in a Sneeze
Dr. Edward Martin, of Philadelphia, in a recent lecture"Ucclared that
in a single cough or sneeze an influenza victim released 20,000,000 dis-
Ihc history of medicine was. that of
Dr. Ronald .Ross, who, at Calcutta,
in July, 1898, found that thc spores
of malarial parasites arc concentrated in thc salivary gland of the mosquito. As Dr. Ross himself wrote,
"The exact route of infection of this
great disease, which annually slays
its millions of human beings and
keeps whole , continents in darkness,
was revealed.^ These minute spores
enter the salivary gland of the mosquito and pass with its poisonous
saliva directly into the blood of men.
Never iu our dreams had wc imagined so wonderful a tale as this-."
Until lately il was not known whether a disease-spreading mosquito could
infect more than one person. Recent
experiments of the public health service of the United States government
have proved that an infected malarial mosquito can infect several persons without again obtaining blood
from an original source of infection,
and that air infected mosquito retains
her ability to infect with malaria for
-at least 25 clays. Even if a mosquito
empties her available supply of malarial parasites into one man, she may
infect a second man a few hours or
fl few clays later. through a new
generation of parasites.' Thi.s is a
most important discovery, for it
shows that thc individual disease-
laden.insect is a veritable machine-
gun in point of danger, and it emphasizes the necessity for stamping
out the breeding places of the malarial mosquito.
JokumâGracious! Your mudguard
is all smashed! Did you bump into
skidded into us.
Wc were standing
arrd a "fire-hydrant
Write for Catalogue No; 62 T.
Tk Kingston Smith Arms
491 Main St. 10142-lOlst St."
Winnipeg, Man. Edmonton,. Alia.
CallerâSo your son Willie ha?
started to work as an office boy. How
is he getting on?
Fond Motherâ'Splendidly! He al-,
ready knows .who ought to' bc dis-'-
charged and is merely waiting* to get:
promoted so that he can attend to it.,
"I want to look at some notcpa-
"Watered stock, madam?"
"L should say not. Aly husband
has wasted money enough on that.
kind."âDetroit Free Press. -
W. N. U.
Of Every Description
and for every line of business. Our books are the Standard of Quality
and used from Coast to Coast.
We Specialize, on CARBON COATED or BLACK BACK -BOOKS,
and what we make are the best to be had in Canada.
Duplicate and Triplicate Separate Carbon
Leaf Books, in all sizes
'Duplicate.- arid Triplicate Carbon Back
Books,-, in all sizes '
(X IL Special Triplicate Books, patented
'â ' Write us for Samples and Prices before placing your next order, or
see our agent, the'proprietor of this paper.'
FOR ALL PURPOSES
Waxed Bread and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed." Confectionery
Wrappers. Pure Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Home Use. " Fruit
Write for Samples of our G. & B. WAXED PAPERS, used as a meat
wrapper, It is both grease and moisture proof and most reasonable
tÂ«l Wag* Hat/War1â
Use more time and lower heat in
cooking to develop flavors and to
FOR BUTTER WRAPPERS
We are large importers of this particular brand of paper. -'Our prices
on 8 x 11 size in 1G0M quantities and upwards are very low,- considering
the present high price of this paper. We can supply any quantity printed
" Choice Dairy Butter" from stock. No order too large or too small to
be looked after carefully.
Our Machinery and Equipment for Waxing and Printing is the most
modern arid complete in Canada, and ensures you first-clas3 goods anel
prompt service, â¢
Office? Iwoftio, Montreal, Winnipeg Vancouver
Â».-â¢*â¢-â¢" *â ." '^^
ârrju wr-n-'rn'^ â¢â-ww*-""-
' 'GAZETTE. . iir.DT.MV. R
]â¢-'-*â s" ' i'i iiWiiri nun 'nn* - ""â tin' â 'â '' â *" '- *
I â :â¢?:
Nature's laxative is bile*
If* your liver is sending
the bile on its way as it
should, you'll never ba
Keep the liver tuned
right up to its-work.
Take one pill regularly
(mors only if riecesoary)
until your bowels act regularly, freely, naturally.
Sinutne i>sar3 'S/'gnaturv
Colorless faces often show tha
absence' of Iron in the blood.
Carter's Iron PiSBs Ii
V/ill help this condition.
or Btutterinft overcome positively. Our
natural methods permanently restore
natural speech. Graduate pupils every**
Y?hero. free advice and literature.
THE ARNOTT INSTITUTE
KITCHENER, - - CANADA â¢
A Dominion Express- Money Order for
five dollars . costs three cents.
Whisky and War
War is about to deliver the final
Knockout blow to John Barleycorn-^
War and whisky, it has been observed
-in past-experience, do not mix well.
War is a.'season for* well considered
judgment, clear eyes and steady nerves, for alert men in full -possession
of all their faculties. Intoxicating
liquor is aNhandicap to these requisites of.manhood, and therefore, in
lire national emergency, whisky must
go.âSeattle Post-Inlclligenccr. -
EUREKA HARNESS OIL
makes harness strong and
lough. i '
This .mineral oil not only
takes dirt off but keeps dirt
out. It fills thc pores of
That is why a harness t reat-
ed' with Eureka is tough,
pliable.shinyand new looking.
IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY
For Regenerated Belgium
Plans to Build .-Railroads Like Those
of This Continent
Regenerated Belgium will model
some of her important railway lines
on thc American plan. Railway capitalists, of that outragcd< nation have
sent an agent to America to study
railroad operating methods, railway
shops, and, more especially, thc important electric installations on trunk
lines in various parts of the country.
The name of this > Belgian agent ,is
Joseph Carlier. He is Assistant Professor of Railways at thc University
cf Liege. Professor Carlier said he
believed that at least $200,000,000
would be'spent to place the railways
of Belgium on a proper footing* after
the war, and that thc United States
would doubtless be called upon to
supply a large part of the new equipment. '
Mr. Carlier is also a member-of
the special commission which was in
stalled in Paris last fall, the members having been appointed by the
Belgian minister, for- the study of
electrification of the Belgian railways. '**
"Wc have approximately 8,000,000
people and a little over 3,000 miles of
broad- gauge, arid about 4,500 miles
of single-track railroad. We have also a system of. narrow-gauge railroads, something like 1,500 miles, for
small freight traffic. Our freight
stations arc unusually long and very
large. I think we should.adopt many
of your ideas as to car building. I
think we shall have to 'make compartment cars for the . most part'.
Belgium is a windy country, and wc
cannot very well have a long,' one-
room car such as you have in America, because it would be much too
Says -Dr. Cassell's Tablets Have
. kept him Fit through.
II better .sugar is ever produced than the present
REDPATH Extra Granulated, you-may be sure it will
be made in the same Refinery that has led for over half
a centuryâand sold under the same nameâREDPATH.
2 and 5 lb. Cartonsâ
20,20,50 and 100 lb. Bags,
'Let Redpath Sweeten it."
Suga.T Refining Co., Limited, Montreal.
Help Belgian Children
'The school children of Saskatchewan last year inaugurated a fund for
the relief of the children of Belgium.
Collections were taken at every city
and rural school in the province, with
thc result.that up to the present, with
the fund still open, $56,000 odd has
been raised and sent by thc children
of Saskatchewan for the*- relief of the
children of Belgium.
Sapper A. Hartley, of tha A Company,
Canadian Engineers, whose home - address is
906, Trafalffar^slreet, London, Ontario, is one
of the many who have written in praise of
Dr. Cassell's'Tablets. lie says: "As a con-
slant user of Dr. Cassell's Tablets, I would
like-to add my testimony to their value. 1
used them when J. was in the South African
War, and, finding the benefit of them there,
have taken them since whenever I felt rundown. 1 always recommend them, for I know
that they do all that""is claimed for them. In
my opinion they are" thc best tonic anyone
can take for loss of appetite, poorness ot thc
blood, or general weakness of the system. '
A free sample of Dr- Cassell's Tablets will be sent to you on receipt of
5 cents for mailing and packing. Address: Harold P. Ritchie & Co., Ltd-,
10, M'Caul-st-, Toronto.
Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the surest home
remedy for Dyspepsia, Kidney Trouble, Sleeplessness, Anaemia, Nervous Ailments, Nerve
Paralysis, Palpitation, and Weakness in Children. Specially valuable for nursing; mothers
and during the critical periods of life. Sold by
druggists and' storekeepers throughout- Canada. Prices: One tube, 50 cts; six tubes for the
price of live. lie-ware of imitations said to contain hypophosphites. Thc composition of Dr.
Cassell's Tablets is known only to the.proprietors, and no imitation can ever be thc saiu*e.
Sole Proprietors: Dr. Cassell's Co.Â»'
Ltd., Manchester, England
The Armies of Labor
Influence That Will Attract Soldiers
Love of life in thc open is fostered by service on the held of battle,
and this influence will attract many
of the fighters of Europe to farnring
and the restoration of ravaged lands.
The military experience will have increased the.manual skill and technical efficiency- of thousands of other
soldiers. Modern agencies for the
distribution of labor arc more numerous and scientific than they were a
century-ago, a generation ago. Wc
shall see thc soldiers . of Europe
melting back"into the armies of labor as did Cromwell's Ironsides in
1660, when it was'"said of some
specially efficient and industrious
worker that he was quite sure to
have been "one of Oliver's men."â
flit is made of 100 steel
spiral springs, tempered iu oil, that
yield under pressure to every curve of
the hody, no matter how heavy or how
light. It "fits the sleeper."
Its Non-Rusting Enamel Finish
is guaranteed not to damage bedding.
The genuine "Banner" spring is guaranteed
for 20 years. Your dealer lias it or
will get it for you. Ask for it by name,
If you are not already using our
Counter Check or Sales Books we
( would respectfully solicit -your next
j order. Years of^experience in the
I manufacture of this line enable us to
give you a book as nearly perfect as
it is possible to be made in these difficult times. - "
All classes and grades of paper are
now from 100 to 400 per cent, higher than they were two years ago.
Carbon papers, waxes for coated
books, labor, in fact everything that
goes into the cost of counter check
or sales books are very high in price.
Notwithstanding these facts, our
modern and" well equipped plant for
this particular work enables us to
still keep our prices ' reasonably
low. Before placing your next order
write us for samples and prices, or
consult the proprietor of this paper.
We make a specialty of Carbon
Eack or Coated Books, .also O.K.
Special Triplicate books. On these*.,
and our regular duplicate and triplicate separate Carbon Leaf Books, we
number -among ou'f- customers the
largest and best commercial houses
from-Â»coast to coast. No order is too
large or too small to bc looked after
We have connections with the
largest paper mill in Canada, ensuring an ample supply of the best grade
paper used in counter check books.
You are therefore assured of an extra gra'de of prapcr, prompt service
Waxed Papers and Sanitary
We also manufacture Waxed Bread
and Meat Wrappers, plain and printed; Confectionery Wrappers, Pure
Food Waxed Paper Rolls for Home
Use, Fruit Wrappers, etc.
.Write'for samples of our G. & B.
Waxed Papers used- as a Meat
Wrapper. It is both grease and
moisture proof, and the lowest priced article on the" market for this
Genuine Vegetable Parchment for
' We are large importers of this
particular brand of paper. Our prices
on 8x11 size in 100M quantities and
upwards, arc very low, considering
the present high price of this paper.
We can supply any quantity printed
"Choice Dairy Butter" from stock.
Our machinery and equipment for
Waxing and Printing is the most
modern and complete in Canada and
ensures you first-class goods and
APPLEFORD COUNTER CHECK
BOOK COMPANY, LTD,
Offices: Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver.
A Russian newspaper is now being
published at Trcbizond, in Armenia,
one of thc cities conquered by thc
Russians in their advance against
thc Turks last year.
The Alaska Bedding Co.
ilaliert of Bedstmadt and Bedding
Calgary VINNIPEO Begin*
"AluVa en Â»7l irttelo muni Sigh Grade Every
Keep Minard's Liniment in the house
Cultivation of the Soil
"Of all forms of productive capacity there is none more vital, indispensable and steadying than the application of human industry to the
cultivation of the soil. And if there
is one point at which order seems
beginning to emerge from the present confusion of our political and
social aims it is precisely wkh regard
to this fundamental necessity of
making a better use of the greatest
of all natural resources."âViscount
You may have noticed that foolish
people arc always happy.
Make the Boy a Partner
Secure His Interest in the Business
Side of the Farm Work
Six per cent, of the 400 farmers
who were visited in connection with
an agricultural survey by the Commission of - Conservation in Dundas
county in 1916, were paying members
of thc family who remained at home
to work on the farm. No farmer
was found who had taken the members of thc family into active and
actual partnership in th'e farm enterprise.
It is -essential that many of 'bur
best boys' remain on the farm and
help in developing.rural life into what
it could and should be. Some of our
farm boys may be better suited for
occupations other than farming, [bin
those who are suited for farming
and wish to farm should bc given
encouragement to do so.
Boys on the farm arc too often al
lowed to drift along with very little
attention being paid to them. The
boy will bc more likely to become a
willing worker if his interest is
aroused in the business side~"of his
work and he-will gain ability to save
if lie 'is taught to spend thoughfully
and wisely. These two factors, "willingness to work and ability to save,
arc fundamental for future success.
Permit thc boy to participate in the
practical business transactions of the
farm as the conditions allow. Let
him do. some of the : buying and selling. When he has decided that-he
will be a farmer, the father may be
gradually relieved from some of his
responsibilities â â â through, a partnership management.âF.C.N, irr Conservation.
A Just Tribute
The New York World tvould havfi
the -United Slates make a gift of $1,-
000,000,000 to France, as a proof of
affection and appreciation of the aid
given the colonials during the Ameri-'"
can revolution of 1776."It would be
only a just tribute; for, according to
a recent statement, they received
$700,000,000 from France at that
period, of which neither the principle nor the interest thereon was ever
asked, for or returned.âHamilton
The cheapness of Mother Graves'
Worm Exterminator puts it within
reach of all, and it can be got at any
The quiet wedding may be thc
calm before the''storm.
Sometimes a. genius fools people :by
wcaring i-good clothes.
Childhood constipation can be
promptly-cured by Baby's Own Tablets. These Tablets never fail to
regulate llic bowels and stomach thus ,
curing, constipation, colic, indigestion
and the many other minor ills of little ones. - Concerning them Mrs..
Louis Nicole, St. Paul du Buton,
Que., writes:â"My baby suffered'
from constipation but thanks to
Baby's Own Tablets he is a fine
healthy boy today. It gives mo
much pleasure in recommending thc
1 ablets to .--other mothers." The
Tablets arc sold by medicine dealers
or by mail at 25 cents a box from
The Dr. Williams' Mediciue Co.,
â .-'â American Regret \
-Americans will feel a certain envy
in the thought that Canada has outdistanced us in-â rca'chirfg the battle
line, which is the frontier of our civilization;â-New York Tribune.
Minard's Liniment used by Physicians
Miller's Worm Powders act mildly
and without injury to the child, and
there can'be'no doubt of their deadly effect upon worms. They have
been in successful use for a long,
time and are recognized jjs a leading
preparation for the purpdse. They
have proved their power in numberless cases and have, given relief to
thousands of children, who, but for
the good offices of this superior compound, would have continued weak
Might Be Fooled
"That answer was a setback," said
John G. Johnson, the lawyer, discussing a case in Washington. .
"It was like the answer of the man
whose dying wife looked into his
eyes and said:
"'George, after I'm gone, do you
think you'd marry again?'
'"I may,' said George gloomily, 'if
thc trap is set different.'"âDallas
"Biggins attaches a. great deal bl
importance to his opinions."
"You can't blame him," replied
Miss Cayenne. "An opinion costs
Min so much intellectual effort that
he feels like making a pet of it."
An Oil for All Men.âThe sailor,,
thc soldier, the fisherman, the lumberman, the out-door laborer and alt
who are exposed to injury and the
elements will find in Dr. Thomas'
Electric Oil a true and faithful friend.
To ease pain, relieve colds, dress
wounds, subdue lumbago and over-,
come rheumatism, it has ho equal.
Therefore, it should have a place in
all home medicines and those taken
on a journey.
"Some of our greatest sacrifices
bring us little credit."
"That's right," replied Senator Sorghum. "When I suppress my natural
inclination to arise and waste time in
specchmaking nobody ever takes mo
by the hand and congratulates inc."
A law to prevent "dumping" after
thc war'is being drafted in Japan.
"Well, my opinion is that a patriot
is a man who actually serves the flag
that others cheer for."âDetroit Free-
F.F.DaHey Co. of Canada, Ltl
'I* i '1* ')â¢ â *â *
. - w.' * -a :
THE GAZETTE, HEDLEY, B.
"The Big Store"
for two hui id red years after the
war to pay tlie indebtedness incurred. The mining* industry
is taxed to t-h'e utmost limit,
veiy few business men are able
to get (heir heads long1 enough
above water to get a. lungful] oi'
air, and thc worker who is receiving from $â¢'$ to .-J).") n d;iy is
in an infinitely better financial
position than any business man
of our acquaintance. The rich
will be subject to conscription
just the sumo as the poor man;
his war tax is greater according
to his e.'irnidg power. The
KEREMEOS, B. C.
THe NlGKel Plate
Thjs shop it equipped with
Baths and all the* latest
W.T.BUTLER, - Prop.
Sbe tbedtey Gazette
Subscriptions in Advance
P6r Year * 52.00
" (United States) '..... '2.50
â Measurement. 12 lines to the inch.
Transient Advertisementsânot exceeding; one
inch, S1.25 for one insertion, 23 cents for
each subsequent insertion. Over one inch,
12 cents per line for lirst insertion and S
cents per* lino for each subsequent/insertion.
Transients payable in advance.
Contract AdvertisementsâOne inch per month
Â§1.25; over 1 inch and up to I inches, S1.00
per inch pennonth. To constant advertisers
takiiif** larger space than four inches, on
application, rates will be given of ) educed
charges, based on size of space and length
Certificate of Improvements..-. .Â§10.00
(Where more than one claim appears
in notice, 52.50 for each additional
Jas. W. Gbier, Publisher.
Hedley, B.'C. June 21,'1917.
business man has to pay a
personal property tax on his
stock and often bank interest
to carry his customers from
year to year or month to month;
he pays a realty tax, a war tax'
on letters, accounts, drafts, telegrams, cheques, etc. The mines
are taxed 2 per cent on gross
output, for miner's license, for
surface rights, for buildings,
for machinery, for 'â light, for
power, etc.,by thc province, and
25 per cent, on net output over 7
pei cent, by the Dominion.
No reduction is made for capital invested in other properties
before a dividend-payer was
i I found. In British Columbia
a hundred developed non-dividend payers to one dividend-
paying mine. When the politicians run out of schemes to
rob thc mining industry, the "labor loafers" at the coast suggest
new ones. Give us conscription
of everything, more especially
conscription of the gang of industrial "cadets" who have for
3reai's been Ioaling on the hard-
earned wages of Vancouver
and Victoria working men. Thc
" He who does me once, shame on him;
He who does me twice, shame oh me."
THIS AND THAT.
Sib Laurier doesn't want
conscription for .Quebec. It
might do for the other provinces, but bilingualism is of
much more importauce.
TiNO of Greece has been canned. To back-woods colonials
it will probably always be a
mystery why another of the
breed should be placed on the
throne. Little good can result
in crushing the louse and exalting the nits.
creatures want government
snaps. Give them rifles and
discipline and let them earn
the right to hold government
positions by assisting .-iu-protecting, the country and the
liberties we now enjoy. If it is
necessary to conscript wealth,
use the same care a discrimination that is used in selecting
man powerâthe vigorous and
health}*, and not the financial
weaklings, as is now being done.
It is quite evident that tho
pea-.soupcrs down in Quebec do
not at all take very kindly to
compulsory military service of
any sort, whether it is in thc
nature of doing their bit at
home or abroad. It is evident
that there is something else
behind all the row that is being
kicked up besides mere opposition to military service for thc
defence of the country. It may
bo partly political, and it may
be partly religious, while the
indications are that it is a mixture of both. It is as hard for
tho French-Canadians, in their
narrow way, to (understand the
views of the majority of the
English-speaking Canadians, as
if is for us fo understand them.
Descended'from a race that was
handed their hat in old France
with the remark: â 'Hero's your
lid; what's your hurry'?" and
with most of them shipped out
to now world colonies to got rid
of a somewhat troublesome clement, the residents of Quebec
arc today, foi- the -most, part, a
a great deal different from the
people of modern France, with
their inborn love for democratic
institutions. If the French Canadians do not want to go and
fight, it will not do much good
to try and make i hem. Apparently they will be a great
deal more trouble and bother
in the"lighting line than they
can possibly be worth. The
best plan will be to lot them
stay at home and produce grub,
and other things, at which they
are more competent, and let the
English speaking population
take it out of their hides afterwards.âKaslo Kootcnaian.
DALY'AVE. - - flEDLEY, E.G.
NEILSOM'S. the Chocolates that are different.
In Bulk and Boxes.
NELSON'S LUXURY TOFEE, a delicious
. confection. This is worth trying..
Ice Cream, Sodas, Cones, Buttermilk.
T. :H. ROTHERHAM
SIR R. L. BORQEN . â
Who is facing the most difficult situation "of'any government
leader since Confederation.
The death occurred last week
in Victoria of Charles II. Lugrin,
for a number of years editor of
the Victoria Colonist, and one
ablest editorial writers in Canada. Deceased was a native of
of New Brunswick, 71 years of
age, a graduate of tlie Univer
WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF-
Milk Tickets ..'-
Bills of Pare
" Butter "Wrappers
TRY US == WE GIVE SATISFACTION
eles clear and interesting. Never
bitter and always charitable
towards his opponents, gave
him the respect of those who
did not at all times agree with
the editorial policy of the
Colonist. His death will be a.
persona! loss to those of us who
were in the habit of- turning
first to the editorial page of the
The Conscription measure is
being talked to death in the
federal house. One of the
chief amendments to the bill is
"conscription of wealth." There
will be conscription of wealth
DR, T. F. P-OBINSON
Office with Dr. Lewis, Oroville, Wash.
. ri V
A. F. & A. M.
It KUl'LA K monthly mui-Miii*-.*- of
I..-1I.-V I n,|Lr,. \'â. |;|. ,\ I-'. f.\.\. Mâ
â¢-. !-. 11 A.\) 11. TON
Tim Regular nieclin'.rs of
Hedley Lodge 171! are Held tjii
j*y the lh-.sl. and third Monday in
,f=M_.^I every utoiitli in the Orange llnll
â¢^^livH^SSP Ladies meet 2uil and I Tuordays
Visitin-f hi-ethoi-ri arc cordially invited
W. I/JXSDALI'*, V\*. JVI.
II. K. .IOXK.S, Sco't.
â¢â¢â¢â¢ â¢ - <r,".'. n-y.
tiMwi ritu'u l/tiiiip
Moots in Fr.-iti'Diity Hall lln* Tliii-d
Thitrsdoy irr ench mnrrtli at S p. m.
a. Aiuj._v.tj. j. amru, oierk. I Support the Home Paper.
Synopsis of Coal Mining- Ic^iilatioiis
QOAL rniiiiiiir vlglita of Uie Dotninlon, ir
.7 -i.M."'"--?.l"1' S"Hk;ik*.liewivn and AlberUi.
tho InU-oii Ioi'i'itory. the North-west Tcrr-1-
tones and in n jiortion of the Frovlnco of British Columbia, may he leased fora torm of
Hveiity-one years at an annual rental of 31 nri
acre. Not more than ''...tIVi aems \v| ho leased
.vj;iilu.itit.ti lor it icjim; nair-t ue inuilu by liii-
-.i|_i|iliciinl. in person lo ihe Affentor Siib-Aicent
arei-iiiialwl''' '" Wll"!l' tllU "KUb* 'l',|,Iiot''for
In siirvcyeil territory the land inust bo des-
crilieil by .s-fjctrons, or legal sub-divisions of
seot'ons, nnd m unstu-vcyed territory the tract
iiiinl'elf stilkwl ol,t !'''Â«'â â Vpliciint
i-;a<:li applieation inust be aeeoinoaiiied bv
ituol s,-. u'lueh will bo refunded it'the ridit--
apphed tor are not available," but not other
wise. A rov-a ty shnll be paid on the inercliawt-.
able output ol Lhe mine at the rate of five eeiit<*
per ton. .^v-..l.
Tho person operating the mine shall furnish
-l Â» f.,*-nnfc u'1.t:sw!-"" â 'â¢-"tiiriid aeeountinK for
llio full (iiianlily of merehantable niiued
and iMiv the royalty thereon. 1 coal in ii-
il',nMi,?i s;iru !'"1 *J'J'Â»K "Derated sii returns â¢
should be lurnishcd it least onee a venr.
â, " "'V3?. "',),1 Ihfliulo tho eqal ini'iiinp rights
only, but the lessee may bo pcrinil.tmllo pilr-
I'luisc u-hiiioyer .-ivnilalilo sui-'fui-e rights niny
â¢h-qiii.-ii.t,ifii iieenssui'}' for the uorkinir of the
mine at. the rate of l?10.il(. i,.n aere
I'or full information application should be
marie to the beerelary ot'the Denartinent of
tho Interior, pttiiwu. or o any .-'.(ront) or Sub-
Afientor Uomiiiioii Lands, "
VV. W. COKV.
v u .t ^.-t'uP'ity Minister* of the Intorlor,
-N.B.-Uria!ithori--ed piiblication of this advor-
tlsonieiit will not bo paid for. 1" Gm
:â ' ,-trvuwf t. ar -rsu Â«vj.-j
â *| j'g'v*
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